J. E. Heckman

Learn More
Unfractionated tRNA, isolated from maize mitochondria, has been specifically labeled at the -CCA end and used to recover a tRNA gene-bearing fragment from a clone bank of maize mitochondrial DNA. This gene has been mapped, sequenced and found to carry the anticodon for histidine. The sequence of the gene and that of bases in its near vicinity are identical(More)
The lysine isoacceptor tRNAs differ in two aspects from the majority of the other mammalian tRNA species: they do not contain ribosylthymine (T) in loop IV, and a 'new' lysine tRNA, which is practically absent in non-dividing tissue, appears at elevated levels in proliferating cells. We have therefore purified the three major isoaccepting lysine tRNAs from(More)
We report the sequences of Neurospora crassa mitochondrial alanine, leucine(1), leucine(2), threonine, tryptophan, and valine tRNAs. On the basis of the anticodon sequences of these tRNAs and of a glutamine tRNA, whose sequence analysis is nearly complete, we infer the following: (i) The N. crassa mitochondrial tRNA species for alanine, leucine(2),(More)
The hairpin ribozyme is a 50-nucleotide RNA enzyme of unknown three-dimensional structure. Here, we, demonstrate that interdomain interactions are required for catalytic function by reconstitution of activity following separation of an essential, independently folding domain (loop B) from the substrate binding strand at a helical junction. The resulting(More)
The catalytic determinants for the cleavage and ligation reactions mediated by the hairpin ribozyme are integral to the polyribonucleotide chain. We describe experiments that place G8, a critical guanosine, at the active site, and point to an essential role in catalysis. Cross-linking and modeling show that formation of a catalytic complex is accompanied by(More)
We have isolated and characterized a Neurospora crassa gene homologous to the yeast CYH2 gene encoding L29, a cycloheximide sensitivity-conferring protein of the cytoplasmic ribosome. The cloned Neurospora gene was isolated by cross-hybridization to CYH2. It was sequenced from both cDNA and genomic clones. The coding region is interrupted by seven(More)
The RNA cleavage reaction catalyzed by the hairpin ribozyme shows biphasic kinetics, and chase experiments show that the slow phase of the reaction results from reversible substrate binding to an inactive conformational isomer. To investigate the structural basis for the heterogeneous kinetics, we have developed an enzymatic RNA modification method that(More)
The two domains of the hairpin ribozyme-substrate complex, usually depicted as straight structural elements, must interact with one another in order to form an active conformation. Little is known about the internal geometry of the individual domains in an active docked complex. Using various crosslinking and structural approaches in conjunction with(More)
Combinatorial libraries of hairpin ribozymes representing all possible cleavage specificities (>10(5)) were used to evaluate all ribozyme cleavage sites within a large (4.2-kilobase) and highly structured viral mRNA, the 26 S subgenomic RNA of Sindbis virus. The combinatorial approach simultaneously accounts for target site structure and dynamics, together(More)
Sequence analysis of 5'-[32P]labeled tRNA and eukaryotic mRNA using an adaptation of a method recently described by Donis-Keller, Maxam and Gilbert for mapping guanines, adenines and pyrimidines from the 5'-end of an RNA is described. In addition, a technique utilizing two-dimensional polyacrvlamide gel electrophoresis for identification of pyrimidines(More)