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We measured saccadic eye movements in 168 normal human subjects, ranging in age from 5 to 79 years, to determine age-related changes in saccadic task performance. Subjects were instructed to look either toward (pro-saccade task) or away from (anti-saccade task) an eccentric target under different conditions of fixation. We quantified the percentage of(More)
Horizontal saccadic reaction times (SRTs) have been extensively studied over the past 3 decades, concentrating on such topics as the gap effect, express saccades, training effects, and the role of fixation and attention. This study investigates some of these topics with regard to vertical saccades. The reaction times of vertical saccades of 13 subjects were(More)
We studied the characteristics of combined eye-head gaze shifts in human subjects to determine whether they used similar strategies when looking at visual (V), auditory (A), and combined (V + A) targets located at several target eccentricities along the horizontal meridian. Subjects displayed considerable variability in the combinations of eye and head(More)
The perception of speech of 167 children implanted with a CLARION Multi-Strategy Cochlear Implant (1.2 device) was evaluated preimplantation and at 3, 6, 12, 18, and 24 months postimplantation. The children were between 15 months and 15 years of age. The test materials consisted of 8 tests involving syllable structure, single- and 2-syllable words,(More)
A new straight thin electrode array (universal electrode) was designed to be used together with a positioner, which will place the electrode array at the medial wall (modiolus) of the cochlea. The study objectives were to demonstrate safety and ease of insertion, tissue trauma, electrode position, and depth for universal and standard electrodes in human(More)
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