J. E. Giphart

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BACKGROUND Recent biomechanical reports have described the function of the acetabular labrum and iliofemoral ligament in providing hip stability, but the relative stability provided by each structure has not been well described. HYPOTHESIS Both the iliofemoral ligament and acetabular labrum are important for hip stability by limiting external rotation and(More)
Lesions of the long head biceps tendon (LHB) are frequent causes of shoulder pain and disability. Biceps tenotomy and tenodesis have gained widespread acceptance as effective procedures to manage both isolated LHB pathology and combined lesions of the rotator cuff and biceps-labral complex. The function of the LHB tendon and its role in glenohumeral(More)
Spectral parameters of the surface electromyographic (EMG) signal from lumbar back muscles assessed during a fatiguing isometric contraction can be used to classify different categories of low back pain (LBP) subjects and control subjects without LBP. In the test protocol currently used at the NeuroMuscular Research Center at Boston University, subjects(More)
The purpose of the study is to investigate whether there are age-related differences in locomotion due to changes in presence of vision, optic flow speed, and lateral flow asymmetry using virtual reality technology. Gait kinematics and heading direction were measured using a three-dimensional motion analysis system. Although older and younger adults were(More)
BACKGROUND Understanding glenohumeral motion in normal and pathologic states requires the precise measurement of shoulder kinematics. The effect of the plane of arm elevation on glenohumeral translations and rotations remains largely unknown. The purpose of this study was to measure the three-dimensional glenohumeral translations and rotations during arm(More)
BACKGROUND It is common for hip arthroscopy patients to demonstrate significant gluteus medius muscle weakness and concurrent iliopsoas tendinitis. Restoration of gluteus medius muscle function is essential for normal hip function. HYPOTHESIS A progression of hip rehabilitation exercises to strengthen the gluteus medius muscle could be identified that(More)
The aim of this study was to determine the relative contributions of the deltoid and rotator cuff muscles to glenohumeral joint stability during arm abduction. A three-dimensional model of the upper limb was used to calculate the muscle and joint-contact forces at the shoulder for abduction in the scapular plane. The joints of the shoulder(More)
Three-dimensional patient specific bone models are required in a range of medical applications, such as pre-operative surgery planning and improved guidance during surgery, modeling and simulation, and in vivo bone motion tracking. Shape reconstruction from a small number of X-ray images is desired as it lowers both the acquisition costs and the radiation(More)
BACKGROUND The pectineus muscle has been reported to function primarily as a hip flexor and secondarily as a hip internal rotator; the piriformis muscle has been reported to function as an abductor and external rotator of the hip. The recruitment and activations of these muscles during hip rehabilitation exercises have not been detailed. HYPOTHESIS The(More)
Studying joint kinematics is of interest to improve prosthesis design and to characterize postoperative motion. State of the art techniques register bones segmented from prior computed tomography or magnetic resonance scans with X-ray fluoroscopic sequences. Elimination of the prior 3D acquisition could potentially lower costs and radiation dose. Therefore,(More)