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Gap junctional conductance (gj) between cardiac ventricular myocyte pairs is rapidly, substantially, and reversibly reduced by sarcoplasmic acidification with CO2 when extracellular calcium activity is near physiological levels (1.0 mM CaCl2 added; 470 microM Ca++). Intracellular calcium concentration (Cai), measured by fura-2 fluorescence in cell(More)
The relationship between intracellular calcium (Cai) and high-energy phosphates was studied in adult cardiac myocytes. Cai and high-energy phosphates were measured in the same population of cells. Cai, reported by the fluorescence of fura-2, was maintained at normal levels in the presence of increased transsarcolemmal calcium gradients, up to 5 mM(More)
Inactivation of intracellular myoglobin by sodium nitrite or by carbon monoxide in isolated cardiac myocytes diminishes steady-state respiratory rate and phosphocreatine concentration (PCr) by approximately 25% at nonlimiting oxygen pressures; oxidative phosphorylation and glycolysis together are insufficient to maintain ATP, and PCr falls. At(More)
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