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Molecular orientation critically influences the mechanical, chemical, optical and electronic properties of organic materials. So far, molecular-scale ordering in soft matter could be characterized with X-ray or electron microscopy techniques only if the sample exhibited sufficient crystallinity. Here, we show that the resonant scattering of polarized soft(More)
A novel strategy for the synthesis of fully conjugated donor-acceptor block copolymers, in a single reaction step employing Stille coupling polymerization of end-functional polythiophene and AA + BB monomers, is presented. The unique donor-acceptor structure of these block copolymers provides a rich self-assembly behavior, with the first example of a fully(More)
Figure 1 . (a) Chemical transformation of BP precursor (CP) to benzoporphyrin (BP) during annealing; (b) standard BP OPV device; (c) TGA analysis of PC and CP; (d) schematic of processing method used to form fi lms of BP for morphology analysis. Organic photovoltaics (OPV) based on bulk heterojunctions (BHJs) have effi ciencies above 7% [ 1 , 2 ] and can be(More)
Thermally convertible organic materials are useful for the fabrication of multilayered thin film electronic devices such as solar cells. However, substantial changes in molecular ordering can occur during the conversion process that may lead to multiple polymorphs having differing electronic properties. In-situ grazing incidence wide-angle X-ray scattering(More)
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