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Photolyzed rhodopsin (R) catalyzes GTP-binding to alpha-transducins (T alpha); T alpha X GTPs then activate cGMP phosphodiesterase (PDE). PDE activation is arrested by ATP in two ways: (i) initial velocity is suppressed, and (ii) PDE velocity rapidly returns to preactivation levels (turnoff). Arrestin (a 48 kDa protein) markedly enhances turnoff while not(More)
The target proteins for arrestin (48 kDa protein) action during the quench of cGMP phosphodiesterase (PDE) activation in retinal rod disk membranes were identified by the use of a cross-linking reagent. A heterobifunctional, cleavable, photo-activatable cross-linker (sulfo-SADP) was coupled to purified arrestin. Under precise weak visible light bleach and(More)
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