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We show that fibroblast growth factor 2 (FGF2) and FGF receptors are transiently expressed by cells of the pseudostratified ventricular epithelium (PVE) during early neurogenesis. A single microinjection of FGF2 into cerebral ventricles of rat embryos at E15.5 increased the volume and total number of neurons in the adult cerebral cortex by 18% and 87%,(More)
Vascular tone control is essential in blood pressure regulation, shock, ischemia-reperfusion, inflammation, vessel injury/repair, wound healing, temperature regulation, digestion, exercise physiology, and metabolism. Here we show that a well-known growth factor, FGF2, long thought to be involved in many developmental and homeostatic processes, including(More)
Basic fibroblast growth factor (FGF-2) is a pleiotropic growth factor detected in many different cells and tissues. Normally synthesized at low levels, FGF-2 is elevated in various pathologies, most notably in cancer and injury repair. To investigate the effects of elevated FGF-2, the human full-length cDNA was expressed in transgenic mice under control of(More)
Mice that are homozygous for the autosomal recessive motheaten allele (me/me) lack the protein tyrosine phosphatase SHP-1. Loss of SHP-1 leads to many hematopoietic abnormalities, as well as defects such as infertility and low body weight. However, little is known regarding the role SHP-1 plays in the development of the central nervous system (CNS). To(More)
Fibroblast growth factor 2 (FGF2) consists of multiple protein isoforms (low [LMW] and high molecular weight [HMW]), which are localized to different cellular compartments, indicating unique biological activity. We previously showed that the LMW isoform is important in protecting the heart from myocardial dysfunction associated with ischemia-reperfusion(More)
A correlation between arsenic and cardiovascular disease (CVD) has been established through epidemiological studies, although the mechanisms are unknown. Using a mouse model that develops atherosclerotic lesions on a normal chow diet, we have confirmed a connection between long-term arsenic intake and CVD. Our results reveal a significant increase in the(More)
Epidemiological evidence suggests that exposure to the metalloid arsenic constitutes a risk factor for cardiovascular disease. The purpose of this study was to determine whether arsenic could stimulate generation of factors involved in oxidative stress and inflammation, conditions associated with atherosclerosis, or coronary artery disease. We found that(More)
Here we determine the Fibroblast Growth Factor-2 (FGF2) dependency of the time course of changes in bone mass in female mice. This study extends our earlier reports that knockout of the FGF2 gene (Fgf2) caused low turnover bone loss in Fgf2(-/-) male mice by examining bone loss with age in Fgf2(-/-) female mice, and by assessing whether reduced bone(More)
Since parathyroid hormone (PTH) increased FGF2 mRNA and protein expression in osteoblasts, and serum FGF-2 was increased in osteoporotic patients treated with PTH, we assessed whether the anabolic effect of PTH was impaired in Fgf2-/- mice. Eight-week-old Fgf2+/+ and Fgf2-/- male mice were treated with rhPTH 1-34 (80mug/kg) for 4 weeks. Micro-CT and(More)
Unregulated FGF receptor signaling results in bone malformations that affect both endochondral and intramembranous ossification, and is the basis for several genetic forms of human dwarfism. FGF signaling inhibits chondrocyte proliferation and we have previously shown that the transcription factor STAT1 mediates the growth inhibitory effect of FGF in vitro.(More)