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Perfusion of rat brain followed by immersion fixation with 2.5% glutaraldehyde-1% paraformaldehyde, purification of the first antisera and application of the unlabelled antibody enzyme method were used to specifically identify vasopressin and oxytocin containing cells and fibres. The conventional sites of production of these hormones were confirmed as(More)
Vasopressin, oxytocin, neurophysin I and neurophysin II have been detected and quantitatively determined in the bovine pineal gland. The neurohormones and the neurophysins are present in all parts of the gland. The oxytocin concentration, however, is higher in the anterior part than in the posterior one. The ratio of oxytocin to vasopressin appears to be(More)
The pituitary contents of oxytocin, vasopressin and alpha-MSH were measured in fetal and newborn rats to assess possible changes in their release during the process of labour. In the 24 h period during which delivery is likely to occur in the Wistar rat, both the oxytocin and vasopressin content of the fetal pituitary gland increased, whereas alpha-MSH(More)
The effect of epidural analgesia on oxytocin release during the second stage of normal labour was studied by comparing 10 primigravidae who had epidurals with 10 control subjects who did not have epidurals. A significant increment in oxytocin between paired peripheral blood samples taken at the onset of full cervical dilatation and crowning of the fetal(More)
Since vasopressin and oxytocin might be involved in processes of storage and retrieval of information in rats, the distribution of these hormones within the central nervous system was measured employing sensitive and specific radioimmunoassays in combination with an extraction method using Vycor glass powder. Vasopressin was detected in hypothalamus,(More)
Arginine-8-vasopressin (AVP) levels were measured by a sensitive and specific radioimmunoassay (RIA) in plasma and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of three species man, dog, and rat (Wistar and the Brattleboro strain). Basal plasma values were 1.7 pg/ml in Wistar rat, and 2.4 pg/ml in dog. Pentobarbitone, used as anesthetic during collection of CSF from dog and(More)