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Amyloid plaques in Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease, kuru, and Gerstmann-Sträussler-Scheinker syndrome are known to contain an abnormal isoform of a cellular protein, the prion protein (PrP). The prion protein in its normal cellular isoform is a membrane-bound glycoprotein of unknown function. The mechanisms causing a modification of PrP and accumulation in(More)
Multicentric plaques of typical pathomorphology have been described in two members of the well-documented German family "Sch" with Gerstmann-Sträussler-Scheinker's syndrome (GSS). The case of a third affected member with a clinical course of 10 years is now reported. In addition to multicentric plaques, small granules of prion protein (PrP) with stellate(More)
The triple ultrastructural immunocytochemical labeling technique described here is based on the use of three different antisera raised in two different animal species: rabbit anti-corticotropin (R-ACTH), guinea pig anti-prolactin (GP-LTH) and rabbit anti-gonadotropin (R-LH beta). Staining is carried out on both sides (A and B) of the same tissue section.(More)
Rabbit antiserum to synthetic LHRH was used with the immunofluorescence technique to identify the LHRH-secreting neurons and their axonal pathways in the brain of Xenopus laevis. Three groups of immunoreactive neurons were identified: the first, in the telencephalon, is a paired group of cells scattered near the two telencephalic ventricles; the second(More)
With the aid of an indirect immunofluorescence technique neurons containing a gastrin-like substance were identified in the brain of Salmo gairdneri. The perikarya of these neurones appear to be located along the periventricular part of the nucleus lateralis tuberis between the hypophysial stalk and the most rostral tip of the saccus vasculosus. The fibres(More)
The indirect immunofluorescence method was used to identify and locate LTH-, STH-, LH-, TSH-, ACTH- and MSH-immunoreactive cells in the pituitary of Typhlonectes compressicaudus (Gymnophiona). The present study defines the histological and histochemical staining properties of each cell type identified.
The adenohypophysial primordium of Xenopus laevis tadpoles at stages 33/34 to 46 (Nieuwkoop and Faber, 1956) were examined immunohistologically for alpha-MSH, beta-MSH and ACTH. beta-MSH was demonstrated from stage 37/38 onwards, and alpha-MSH from stage 39. No signs of ACTH production were detected. alpha-MSH and beta-MSH occurred in the same cells. No(More)
This report describes the pathological changes observed in the brain of a 18-year-old patient who died with Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) of the ataxic and panencephalopathic type. Clinically, the disease began at age 17 with a rapidly progressive cerebellar syndrome, associated with myoclonus and mental deterioration. Cranial CT scan and MRI showed minor(More)