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Genetically transformed maize plants were obtained from protoplasts treated with recombinant DNA. Protoplasts that were digested from embryogenic cell suspension cultures of maize inbred A188 were combined with plasmid DNA containing a gene coding for neomycin phosphotransferase (NPT II) next to the 35S promoter region of cauliflower mosaic virus. A high(More)
BACKGROUND The flavivirus GB virus C (GBV-C, also designated hepatitis G virus) was identified in a search for hepatitis viruses, but no disease is currently known to be associated with it. We investigated the relation between coinfection with GBV-C and the long-term outcome in patients infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). METHODS A total(More)
The branched DNA hybridization assay has been improved by the inclusion of the novel nucleotides, isoC and isoG, in the amplification sequences to prevent non-specific hybridization. The novel isoC, isoG-containing amplification sequences have no detectable interaction with any natural DNA sequence. The control of non-specific hybridization in turn permits(More)
The quantification of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) RNA has facilitated clinical research and expedited the development of antiretroviral drugs. The branched-DNA (bDNA) assay provides a reliable method for the quantification of HIV-1 RNA in human plasma and is considered one of the most reproducible assays ready for use in clinical trials. A(More)
Hepatitis G virus (HGV) is prevalent in patients with chronic liver disease and has been previously detected in liver specimens. However, it is unknown whether the virus is replicating in the liver or is simply a contaminant from serum. We sought to determine whether HGV was hepatotropic and to determine whether coinfection with HGV and hepatitis C virus(More)
The level of hepatitis C virus (HCV) in the serum of 337 blood donors infected with different viral genotypes was investigated by branched DNA assay. Viral genotype was deduced by restriction analysis of the virus 5'-noncoding region. Samples included genotypes 1a, 1b, 2a, 2b, 3,4,5, and 6. Multivariate analysis revealed that the ranges of HCV levels were(More)
RNA standards were developed for use in quantitative hybridization assays such as the Quantiplex HCV RNA Assay and Quantiplex HIV RNA Assay, which are based on branched DNA signal amplification. In vitro transcripts ranging in size from 0.5 to 9.4 kb were prepared and purified by phenol extraction following gel electrophoresis or column chromatography.(More)
In studies monitoring disease progression and therapeutic response, it is essential that the method used for hepatitis C virus (HCV) quantification not be influenced by genotypic variability. The branched DNA assay provides a reliable method for the quantification of HCV RNA. A modified set of oligonucleotide probes for the branched DNA assay was developed(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the virologic activity of a ritonavir plus saquinavir-containing regimen in patients who have failed an indinavir or ritonavir-containing regimen. DESIGN Patients were identified through a retrospective study evaluating the incidence of indinavir or ritonavir failure in our clinic. PATIENTS Eighteen patients failing indinavir or(More)
Insulin-like growth factors (IGFs) found in plasma and other body fluids circulate in association with specific binding proteins. We report here the cloning and the nucleotide sequence of cDNAs for the growth-hormone-dependent acid-stable IGF binding protein, hIGF-BP3. The derived protein begins with a putative 27-amino acid signal peptide followed by 264(More)