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Transcription of the E4 gene is controlled by an increase in ethylene concentration during tomato fruit ripening. To investigate the molecular basis for ethylene regulation, we have examined the E4 promoter to identify cis elements and trans-acting factors that are involved in E4 gene expression. In transgenic tomato plants a chimeric gene construct(More)
The tomato fruit consists of a thick, fleshy pericarp composed predominantly of highly vacuolated parenchymatous cells, which surrounds the seeds. During ripening, the activation of gene expression results in dramatic biochemical and physiological changes in the pericarp. The polygalacturonase (PG) gene, unlike many fruit ripening-induced genes, is not(More)
The E8 gene is expressed at a high level during fruit ripening, and is transcriptionally activated by ethylene. We have identified a 428 bp fragment of the E8 5'-flanking region, from -1528 to -1100, that makes a minimal 35S promoter responsive to ethylene. This fragment confers ethylene-responsiveness only in the 5'-to-3' orientation; in the reverse(More)
E4 gene transcription is controlled by ethylene during tomato fruit ripening. To define the ethylene-responsive promoter elements, we have tested the activity of mutations of the E4 promoter, and of chimeric genes in transient assay. Using a set of linker scan mutations of the region from -160 to -91, we determined that sequences located between -150 and(More)
Tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum) fruit ripening is initiated by an increase in ethylene hormone concentration. E8 gene transcription is fruit-specific and is activated at the onset of ripening and in unripe fruit treated with exogenous ethylene. To understand how E8 gene transcription is controlled during ripening, we analyzed the effect of deletions of(More)
To understand how fruit development is controlled, we have begun experiments to identify DNA sequences and proteins that regulate gene expression during tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum) fruit ripening. We have focused on the E8 gene because its transcription is responsive to ethylene hormone and is activated at the onset of fruit ripening. We report here(More)
Cytokinins influence several fundamental processes of plant growth and development, including cell division and organogenesis. To identify genes involved in cytokinin response, a screen was carried out for mutants of Arabidopsis thaliana (L.) Heynh. that are resistant to elevated levels of exogenous cytokinins. One such mutant was isolated and named cyr1. A(More)
To investigate mechanisms that control fruit development, we have begun experiments to identify proteins that control gene expression during tomato fruit ripening. We focused on the regulation of two different genes, E4 and E8, whose transcription is coordinately activated at the onset of fruit ripening. We report here that a DNA-binding protein(More)
Sterol-dependent regulation of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) receptor gene expression was studied in the human hepatoma HepG2 cell line. Incubation of HepG2 cells with 20 microM ketoconazole increased the level of LDL receptor mRNA. After a lag of approx. 1.0 h the level rose 6.5-fold within 8.0 h and remained elevated for up to 24 h. Incubation with 10(More)