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OBJECTIVES Expression of human HtrA1, HtrA2, HtrA3 and TGF-beta1 genes was examined in ovarian tissue specimens including 19 normal ovaries, 20 benign tumors, 7 borderline tumors, 44 cancers and 8 Krukenberg tumors. DESIGN AND METHODS mRNA and protein levels were evaluated by semi-quantitative RT-PCR and Western-blotting methods, respectively. RESULTS A(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the prevalence and associated phenotype of myocilin (MYOC) coding sequence variations and a specific promoter polymorphism (MYOC.mt1) in patients with glaucoma and glaucoma suspects. METHODS A consecutive, unselected series of 779 patients (652 with open-angle glaucoma and 127 glaucoma suspects) were recruited from a university(More)
OBJECTIVE To measure vitreous concentrations of glutamate and other amino acids in patients with glaucoma undergoing vitrectomy. METHODS Undiluted vitreous samples were collected from patients undergoing vitrectomy at the University of Iowa (Iowa City) between 1997 and 1998 (n = 69). Vitreous concentrations of 16 amino acids, including glutamate, were(More)
Escherichia coli small heat shock proteins, IbpA/B, function as molecular chaperones and protect misfolded proteins against irreversible aggregation. IbpA/B are induced during overproduction of recombinant proteins and bind to inclusion bodies in E. coli cells. We investigated the effect of DeltaibpA/B mutation on formation of inclusion bodies and(More)
PURPOSE To compare the sensitivity and variability of pupil perimetry with visual perimetry at the same retinal locations in normal subjects. METHODS Pupil perimetry was performed on the right and left eyes of 10 normal subjects using a computerized infrared pupillometer equipped to present perimetric light stimuli and record pupil light reflexes. Eleven(More)
HtrA heat shock protease is highly conserved in evolution, and in Escherichia coli, it protects the cell by degradation of proteins denatured by heat and oxidative stress, and also degrades misfolded proteins with reduced disulfide bonds. The mature, 48-kDa HtrA undergoes partial autocleavage with formation of two approximately 43 kDa truncated(More)
The HtrA family of serine proteases takes part in cellular stress response including heat shock, inflammation and cancer. Downregulation of human HtrA1 and HtrA3 genes has been reported in some cancers, including endometrial cancer (EC), suggesting a tumor-suppressor role for both genes. The mechanism of the HtrA function is not known, however, evidence(More)
The HtrA (DegP) protein from Escherichia coli is a periplasmic protease whose function is to protect cells from the deleterious effects of various stress conditions. At temperatures below 28 degrees C the proteolytic activity of HtrA was regarded as negligible and it was believed that the protein mainly plays the role of a chaperone. In the present work we(More)
Human HtrA proteins are serine proteases involved in essential physiological processes. HtrA1 and HtrA3 function as tumor suppressors and inhibitors of the TGF-β signaling pathway. HtrA2 regulates mitochondrial homeostasis and plays a pivotal role in the induction of apoptosis. The aim of the study was to determine whether the HtrA proteins are involved in(More)