J David Holtzclaw

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Recent studies have identified older, low-density sickle red blood cells (SSRBCs) that were resistant to dehydration by valinomycin, a K(+) ionophore. These cells, thought to derive from dense SSRBCs that have rehydrated, may represent a terminal cellular phase. To study rehydration, we subjected dense SSRBCs (rho > 1.107 g/cc) to either oxygenated(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW This review summarizes recent studies of hypertension associated with a defect in renal K excretion due to genetic deletions of various components of the large, Ca-activated K channel (BK), and describes new evidence and theories regarding K secretory roles of BK in intercalated cells. RECENT FINDINGS Isolated perfused tubule methods(More)
Mice lacking the beta1-subunit (gene, Kcnmb1; protein, BK-beta1) of the large Ca-activated K channel (BK) are hypertensive. This phenotype is thought to result from diminished BK currents in vascular smooth muscle where BK-beta1 is an ancillary subunit. However, the beta1-subunit is also expressed in the renal connecting tubule (CNT), a segment of the(More)
Large-conductance, calcium-activated potassium channels (BK) are expressed in principal cells (PC) and intercalated cells (IC) in mammalian nephrons as BK-alpha/beta1 and BK-alpha/beta4, respectively. IC, which protrude into the lumens of tubules, express substantially more BK than PC despite lacking sufficient Na-K-ATPase to support K secretion. We(More)
The large-conductance, calcium-activated potassium (BK) channels help eliminate potassium in mammals consuming potassium-rich diets. In the distal nephron, principal cells contain BK-alpha/beta1 channels and intercalated cells contain BK-alpha/beta4 channels. We studied whether BK-beta4-deficient mice (Kcnmb4(-/-)) have altered renal sodium and potassium(More)
On a low-Na(+) diet (LNa(+)), urinary Na(+) loss is prevented by aldosterone-induced Na(+) reabsorption through epithelial Na(+) channels (ENaC) in the connecting tubules (CNT) and cortical collecting ducts (CCD). However, the mechanism whereby K(+) loss is minimized and Na(+) reabsorption is maximized in the face of a reduced lumen-to-bath Na(+) gradient(More)
Increased flow in the distal nephron induces K secretion through the large-conductance, calcium-activated K channel (BK), which is primarily expressed in intercalated cells (IC). Since flow also increases ATP release from IC, we hypothesized that purinergic signaling has a role in shear stress (τ; 10 dynes/cm(2)) -induced, BK-dependent, K efflux. We found(More)
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