J Darlene Welsh

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Emotion regulation (ER) was assessed during a negative mood induction in 79 preschoolers who varied in degree of behavior problems. Facial expressivity during the induction was used to identify 3 ER groups: inexpressive, modulated expressive, and highly expressive. Group differences in ER were significantly related to heart rate and skin conductance.(More)
The expressed affect of clinically depressed and nondepressed mothers as measured by the Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia: Lifetime Version (SADS-L) and their children (1 1/2 to 3 1/2 years) was observed in seminatural situations. The objectives were to investigate how maternal depression enters into affective interactions between mother(More)
Control interactions between 87 well and affectively ill mothers and their 15- to 51-month-old children were studied. Spontaneously occurring control interventions (conceptualized as episodes of interaction between mother and child) were coded from 90 minutes of videotaped interactions in a naturalistic laboratory apartment setting. The results suggest(More)
INTRODUCTION This study was conducted to develop a detailed profile of patients who come to the emergency department for heart failure treatment. METHODS Patient interviews were supplemented by medical record reviews in a convenience sample of 57 participants. A structured interview guide included data concerning patient characteristics and ED treatment.(More)
A total of 236 gastric and small-intestine specimens have been obtained from 68 patients on 85 occasions with the Baker-Hughes multiple-retrieving gastro-intestinal biopsy tube. The biopsy technic was the same as that originally described with only a few modifications which are presented. Thirty-five gastric specimens were obtained from 19 patients. In each(More)
Sleep-related gastroesophageal reflux and esophageal acid clearance have been shown to be important components in the pathogenesis of reflux esophageal disease. Previous studies have suggested that patients with more severe esophagitis are distinguished by an accumulation of acid mucosal contact time during sleep. These data would suggest that patients with(More)
Intestinal DNA, RNA, and protein content were decreased to a greater extent than was body weight when rats were starved for 3 days. Specific lactase and maltase activity increased with progressively longer periods of starvation. Antral and serum gastrin concentration significantly decreased during the 3 days of starvation. Pentagastrin (250 μg/kg 3 times(More)
Twenty-seven patients with an isolated lactase deficienty (ILD) had fecal fat studies on 45 occasions, and 9 individuals had steatorrhea at some level of oral lactose intake. The degree of steatorrhea in the individual patient was related to the amount of lactose ingested. Analysis of the stool triglycerides indicated that the steatorrhea was due to a(More)
BACKGROUND Dyspnea is the most common symptom among patients with heart failure (HF) who present to the emergency department (ED), but it is not clear which dimensions of the symptom prompt ED visits, or whether dyspnea characteristics are related to visit disposition. PURPOSE The goal of this study was to explore the influence of dyspnea duration,(More)
BACKGROUND Sensory qualities of dyspnea are known to differ by diagnosis. Less is known about whether sensory qualities vary with changes in health status in a given diagnosis. PURPOSE The goal of this study was to evaluate the reliability, validity, and factor structure of dyspnea sensory quality descriptors in patients with heart failure (HF) treated in(More)