J Dall'Ava-Santucci

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Sleep-wake states were studied following withdrawal in 36 adult male wistar alcohol-dependent rats, after chronic administration of ethanol (10 g/kg/24 h) for 13 days. In the light phase of the withdrawal day, 12 alcohol-dependent rats received muscimol (0.25 mg/kg), 12 received homotaurine (140 mg/kg), and 12 received 0.9% physiological saline (10 ml/kg).(More)
To investigate disturbances in the coronary circulation and myocardial metabolism during septic shock, we examined coronary sinus blood flow and myocardial substrate extraction in 40 patients with septic shock and 13 control patients. Patients with coronary artery disease were excluded from this study. The global hemodynamic pattern of the septic patients(More)
This study investigated the relations between nasal transepithelial electric potential difference (PD) and the phenotype and genotype of cystic fibrosis (CF) adult patients. Basal nasal PD was measured in 95 adult CF patients who were classified into three groups of nasal PD (expressed as absolute values) according to the 10th and the 90th percentiles (28.3(More)
The aim of this study was to determine which endothelial factors were involved in the decrease of pulmonary vascular resistance at birth, and how they changed with maturation. Response of intrapulmonary artery rings precontracted with prostaglandin F2alpha were studied from piglets aged <2 h, 2-3 day, 10 day and adult pigs for pharmacological responses to(More)
  • G L Chelucci, F Brunet, +5 authors A Lockhart
  • 1991
The time-course of thoracic volume changes (respiratory inductive plethysmograph) during relaxed expiration was studied in 11 intubated, paralysed, mechanically ventilated subjects. The semilog volume-time curves show that expiration is governed by two apparently separate mechanisms: one causes emptying of most of the expired volume (approximately 80%) with(More)
BACKGROUND An easy and reliable method to measure potential difference (PD) in the lower airways would be of interest in the field of cystic fibrosis. We have developed silver/silver chloride (Ag/AgCl) electrodes to measure PD in the lower airways. METHODS To validate this technique the nasal PD measured with Ag/AgCl electrodes and with conventional(More)
BACKGROUND This study was conducted to determine whether the major nasal airway ion transport abnormalities in cystic fibrosis (that is, defective cAMP regulated chloride secretion and basal sodium hyperabsorption) are related to the clinical expression of cystic fibrosis and/or to the genotype. METHODS Nasal potential difference was measured in 79 adult(More)
Sampling arterialized earlobe blood is thought to be easier and less painful than direct arterial puncture, and to allow measurement of blood gas values during exercise without the need to insert an arterial cannula. However, arterialized earlobe oxygen tension (PO2) often underestimates arterial PO2 at rest, and is not fully validated during exercise. We(More)
The aim of this study was to see whether increased activity of nitric oxide (NO) might account for decreased pulmonary vascular tone seen in the hyperdynamic circulation of cirrhosis. We compared the pulmonary vascular reactivity of isolated pulmonary arteries (PA) from control rats (n = 10), and rats with biliary cirrhosis (n = 10) induced by chronic bile(More)
If the thoracoabdominal partitioning of volumes in the mechanical respiratory apparatus was constant, one transducer of indirect spirometry should be sufficient to measure volume variations. To verify this hypothesis we used respiratory inductive plethysmography (RIP) in 16 paralysed patients, of whom eight had normal lungs and 8 had not, to measure: 1) the(More)
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