J D Wencel-Drake

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To investigate the existence of intracellular pools of membrane glycoproteins involved in platelet adhesive reactions, the authors have studied the distribution of glycoprotein (GP) Ib and IIb/IIIa by immunofluorescence and immunoelectron microscopy. Studies on whole cells and frozen thick sections revealed a rim pattern of fluorescence for GPIb and(More)
We have identified and purified a platelet integral membrane protein (140,000 mol wt), using the KC4 monoclonal antibody specific for activated platelets, that is internal in resting platelets but exposed on activated platelets (Hsu-Lin S.-C., C.L. Berman, B.C. Furie, D. August, and B. Furie, 1984, J. Biol. Chem. 259: 9121-9126.). The expression of the(More)
Following platelet aggregation, integrin alpha(IIb)beta(3) becomes associated with the platelet cytoskeleton. The conserved NPLY sequence represents a potential beta-turn motif in the beta(3) cytoplasmic tail and has been suggested to mediate the interaction of beta(3) integrins with talin. In the present study, we performed a double mutation (N744Q/P745A)(More)
Gel filtered human platelets contaminated with less than 0.02% of plasma protein S contained 490 ng of protein S antigen per 3 X 10(8) platelets, equivalent to 2.5% of protein S in whole blood. Three patients with heterozygous plasma protein S deficiency, a congenital disorder associated with venous thrombotic disease, had platelet protein S antigen levels(More)
Several reports have indicated that the small G-protein Ras is not present immunologically in platelets. However, here we report the identification of Ras in platelets by immunoprecipitation with the Ras-specific monoclonal antibodies Y13-259 or Y13-238, followed by Western blotting. The presence of Ras was not due to contamination of samples with(More)
We have investigated the localization of thrombospondin (TSP), fibrinogen, fibronectin, and von Willebrand factor in human platelets by transmission electron microscopy of antibody-stained ultrathin frozen sections. In negatively stained thin sections, alpha granules were identified on the basis of their smooth, roughly spherical shape, size, single(More)
Activation of blood platelets by physiological stimuli (e.g. thrombin, ADP) at sites of vascular injury induces inside-out signaling, resulting in a conformational change of the prototype integrin alphaIIbbeta3 from an inactive to an active state competent to bind soluble fibrinogen. Furthermore, ligand occupancy of alphaIIbbeta3 initiates outside-in(More)
The distribution and transport of thrombospondin (TSP), fibrinogen (Fbg), fibronectin (Fn), and Factor VIII-related antigen (VIII:RAg) in resting and thrombin-stimulated platelets was investigated by immunofluorescence microscopy. In resting intact cells, little surface staining was seen for these proteins. In permeable resting cells, punctate staining(More)
To investigate the possibility that thrombin and/or other platelet activators change the platelet surface expression of glycoprotein IV (GPIV, CD36), we used a panel of five GPIV-specific monoclonal antibodies (OKM5, 5F1, FA6-152, 8A6, and F13) directed against different epitopes. All these antibodies bound to resting platelets in a concentration-dependent(More)
Calcium-activated neutral proteinase (calpain) has been shown to cleave proteins involved in the maintenance of cell structure. In human platelets, substrates of calpain include glycoprotein Ib (GPIb), actin-binding protein (ABP), and talin. GPIb-ABP complexes can be isolated in detergent extracts and are thought to represent membrane-cytoskeleton(More)