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The long term effects of GH replacement in adult GH-deficient (GHD) patients have not yet been clarified. We studied 21 GHD adults who originally took part in a randomized, double blind, placebo-controlled trial of GH treatment in 1987. After completion of that trial, 10 patients received continuous GH replacement for the subsequent 10 yr, whereas 11 did(More)
ABstrACt This chapter asks " What is meant by computer-mediated communication research? " Numerous databases were examined concerning business, education, psychology, sociology, and social sciences from 1966 through 2005. A survey of the literature produced close to two thousand scholarly journal articles, and bibliometric techniques were used to establish(More)
The safety and efficacy of zonisamide (ZNS), a new antiepileptic drug, was tested in 167 adult participants who entered a historical-controlled 16-week open label, multicenter study. The median percent reduction from baseline of partial seizures was 51.8% in the fourth month of the study (baseline median = 11.5 sz/month; treatment weeks 13-16 = 5.5(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the safety and efficacy of botulinum toxin type B (BoNT/B) in patients with cervical dystonia (CD). BACKGROUND BoNT/B is a form of chemodenervation therapy for the treatment of patients with CD. METHODS The authors performed a 16-week, randomized, multicenter, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of BoNT/B in patients with CD(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the safety and efficacy of botulinum toxin type B (BoNT/B) in patients with type A-resistant cervical dystonia (CD). BACKGROUND Local intramuscular injections of BoNT are an effective therapy for CD. After repeated use, some patients become resistant to therapy. BoNT/B, effective in type A toxin-responsive patients, is proposed as(More)
Transcription factors of the NFAT family are thought to play a major role in regulating the expression of cytokine genes and other inducible genes during the immune response. The role of NFAT1 was investigated by targeted disruption of the NFAT1 gene. Unexpectedly, cells from NFAT1 -/- mice showed increased primary responses to Leishmania major and mounted(More)
We enrolled and treated 122 patients with idiopathic cervical dystonia in a double-blind, placebo-controlled safety and efficacy study of botulinum toxin type B (BotB). Both A-responsive and A-resistant patients were enrolled. Patients received intramuscular injections of either BotB (2,500 U, 5,000 U, or 10,000 U) or placebo. The primary outcome measure of(More)
An objective method of EP detection in averaged EEG epochs is described which is based on the statistical properties of the averaged EEG in the absence of time-locked EP activity. The statistical properties of the subject's averaged background EEG are summarized by making a set of comparisons between two consecutive EEG epochs immediately preceding each(More)
Data from three placebo-controlled and 11 active-controlled studies of tizanidine were combined to permit analysis of the subsets, which were too small to evaluate within the individual studies. Overall analysis of placebo-controlled data confirms the effectiveness of tizanidine in reducing muscle tone in patients with spasticity of spinal cord origin.(More)
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