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Inflammatory processes may play a critical role in the pathogenesis of the degenerative changes and cognitive impairments associated with Alzheimer's disease (AD). In the present study, lipopolysaccharide (LPS) from the cell wall of gram-negative bacteria was used to produce chronic, global inflammation within the brain of young rats. Chronic infusion of(More)
The behavioral, biochemical, histological, and electrophysiological effects of a basal forebrain injection of saporin, a ribosome-inactivating protein, coupled to a monoclonal antibody against the low-affinity NGF receptor (192 IgG) were investigated in adult rats. Within the basal forebrain region, the low-affinity NGF receptor is exclusively expressed by(More)
Glutamate may act via an N-methyl-D-Aspartate (NMDA)-sensitive receptor site to destroy cholinergic neurons within the nucleus basalis magnocellularis in age-associated neurodegenerative diseases. Multiple interesting properties of the NMDA receptor are relevant to its excitotoxic actions, e.g., glutamate is ineffective unless a glycine (gly) modulatory(More)
The effects of selective cholinergic cell loss within the basal forebrain (BF) were determined using a task that requires shifting of attention between two visual stimuli. Discriminability between two stimuli and response bias were determined in young and old F-344 rats given BF injections of IgG-192 saporin (100 ng). The lesion reduced ChAT activity in the(More)
In the present study we examined the influence of arginine vasopressin (AVP) on conditioned freezing behavior to aversive shock treatment by comparing the responses of Brattleboro homozygous (DI) rats, Brattleboro heterozygous (HZ) rats, and Long-Evans (LE) rats. Each animal was placed in a sound-attenuated shock chamber on the training day and given a(More)
BACKGROUND Cognitive, global and functional instruments have been extensively investigated for correlations with neuropathological changes such as neurofibrillary tangles (NFTs), plaques, and synapse loss in the brain. OBJECTIVE Our objective is to correlate the functional, global and cognitive decline assessed clinically with the neuropathological(More)
The degeneration or dysfunction of cholinergic neurons within the basal forebrain of patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) may be related to the vulnerability of these cells to endogenous glutamate (Beal, 1995; Greenamyre and Young, 1989). The administration of drugs that attenuate the toxic actions of glutamate in the early stages of the disease might(More)
We investigated the influence of C-terminal fragments of oxytocin (OT) and arginine vasopressin (AVP) on conditioned freezing behavior. Subcutaneous injections of 0.3 microgram AVP(4-9) or OT(4-9) given to rats after shock training or before behavioral observation significantly altered fear-induced freezing behavior. Animals treated with OT hexapeptide(More)
The present study investigated the effects of nucleus basalis magnocellularis (NBM) lesions in young (3 months), adult (9 months), and aged (24 months) rats by injections of either NMDA or AMPA upon performance of a delayed alternation task on a T maze. During phase 1 of testing, the interchoice interval (ICI) was 5 s and each rat was given 10 trials per(More)
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