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OBJECTIVE To report a technique for eye enucleation in standing sedated horses and to report outcome in 40 horses. STUDY DESIGN Retrospective study. ANIMALS Horses (n=40) requiring eye enucleation. METHODS The eye was enucleated using a transpalpebral technique in 40 horses restrained in stocks and sedated. Anesthesia of orbital structures was(More)
REASONS FOR PERFORMING STUDY Dental disorders are of major clinical importance in equine practice; however, the knowledge of normal dental anatomy, especially that of the pulp remains incomplete. Computed tomography (CT) is being used increasingly in the diagnosis of dental disease, although the normal 2- (2D) and 3-dimensional (3D) CT anatomy has not yet(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe and evaluate full-thickness skin grafting of equine wounds. STUDY DESIGN Case series. ANIMALS Adult horses (n=6). METHODS A full-thickness graft was harvested from the pectoral region with the horse anesthetized or standing and sedated after local anesthetic infiltration. Grafts were attached to the cutaneous margin of the wound(More)
OBJECTIVE To develop a reliable technique for sinoscopic examination of the ventral conchal (VCS) and rostral maxillary sinuses (RMS) of horses STUDY DESIGN Descriptive study ANIMALS Cadaveric equine heads (n=40) METHODS The VCS and RMS were examined endoscopically using: (1) rostral trephination of the RMS (rostral RMS approach); (2) caudal(More)
Functional arm movements, such as reaching while standing, are planned and executed according to our perception of body position in space and are relative to environmental objects. The angle under which the environment is observed is one component used in creating this perception. This suggests that manipulation of viewing angle may modulate whole body(More)
The parasympathetic terminal cardiac ganglia were examined in three normal horses and in five horses with grass sickness. Histopathological changes, consistent with those observed in other ganglia of horses with grass sickness, were identified in the terminal cardiac ganglia of the affected horses. A functional analysis of cardiac autonomic control by time(More)
REASONS FOR PERFORMING STUDY Idiopathic headshaking is often a facial pain syndrome, but a diagnostic protocol has not been described. In a previous study, caudal compression of the infraorbital nerve for treatment offered a fair success rate, but low case numbers and short follow-up time were limitations. OBJECTIVES To describe a diagnostic protocol for(More)