Learn More
BACKGROUND Increasing evidence links diverse forms of air pollution to neuroinflammation and neuropathology in both human and animal models, but the effects of long-term exposures are poorly understood. OBJECTIVE We explored the central nervous system consequences of subchronic exposure to diesel exhaust (DE) and addressed the minimum levels necessary to(More)
In this study we compared a "baseline" condition of uncontrolled diesel engine exhaust (DEE) emissions generated with current (circa 2003) certification fuel to an emissions-reduction (ER) case with low sulfur fuel and a catalyzed particle trap. Lung toxicity assessments (resistance to respiratory viral infection, lung inflammation, and oxidative stress)(More)
OBJECTIVE Mechanisms of air pollution-induced exacerbation of cardiovascular disease are currently unknown, thus we examined the roles of vascular endothelin-1 (ET-1) and reactive oxygen species (ROS) in regulating mediators of vascular remodeling, namely matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), after exposure to vehicle engine emissions. METHODS AND RESULTS(More)
Wood smoke is a significant source of air pollution in many parts of the United States, and epidemiological data suggest a causal relationship between elevated wood smoke levels and health effects. The present study was designed to provide information on the potential respiratory health responses to subchronic wood smoke exposures in a Native American(More)
Epidemiological evidence indicates that environmental air pollutants are positively associated with the development of chronic vascular disease; however, the mechanisms involved have not been fully elucidated. In the present study we examined molecular pathways associated with chronic vascular disease in atherosclerosis-prone apolipoprotein E-deficient(More)
Hardwood smoke (HWS) from wood burning stoves and fireplaces can be a significant contributor to the composition of ambient air pollution. We hypothesize that the inhalation of HWS by ovalbumin (OVA)-sensitized mice with preexisting lung inflammation leads to the exacerbation of allergic airway responses. Two different models were employed to characterize(More)
Medulloblastomas are primitive neuroectodermal tumors that arise in the cerebella of children. Cytogenetic and loss of heterozygosity (LOH) studies have shown that deletions on the short arm of chromosome 17 occur in 25-50% of cases, suggesting that loss of a tumor suppressor gene located on 17p plays a role in the genesis or progression of medulloblastoma.(More)
Traffic-generated air pollution-exposure is associated with adverse effects in the central nervous system (CNS) in both human exposures and animal models, including neuroinflammation and neurodegeneration. While alterations in the blood brain barrier (BBB) have been implicated as a potential mechanism of air pollution-induced CNS pathologies, pathways(More)
Phenylketonuria (PKU) is a metabolic disorder caused by phenylalanine hydroxylase deficiency leading to increased levels of phenylalanine in the brain. Hyperactivity is reportedly induced by a high level of orexin A, and therefore orexin A content was studied in the PKU mice. Hypothalamus and brain stem had higher levels of orexin A compared to cerebrum and(More)
Air pollution is positively associated with increased daily incidence of myocardial infarction and cardiovascular mortality. We hypothesize that air pollutants, primarily vapor phase organic compounds, cause an enhancement of coronary vascular constriction. Such events may predispose susceptible individuals to anginal symptoms and/or exacerbation of(More)