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The high degree of porosity of cancellous bone makes elastic property measurement difficult by traditional mechanical testing methods. An ultrasonic technique is described with which mechanical properties of anisotropic, rigid, porous materials, such as cancellous bone, can be measured. The technique utilizes unique piezoelectric transducers operated in a(More)
Clinically, implant failure is often the result of fatigue from continuous cyclic loading. Because of the inadequacies of long-run cyclic testing, fatigue susceptibility of implants was investigated by means of strain measurements and stress analysis under physiologic loads. The implants were equipped with strain gauges during load-deformation testing, and(More)
Five different spinal implants, all using pedicle screw attachment to vertebrae, were examined in a one above/one below corpectomy model, to determine 1) the relative stiffness of each construct, 2) the stresses generated in the implant during loading, and 3) the relative fatigue susceptibility of each implant. Results indicated that the relative axial and(More)
Posterior arthrodesis is a preferred treatment for posttraumatic instability of the cervical spine. While most surgical constructs yield predictably high rates of fusion in satisfactory alignment, certain injury patterns involving fractures of the lamina or spinous processes may preclude rigid immobilization by simple wiring techniques. Plate fixation of(More)
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