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· Background: The effect of 0.1% dexamethasone on epithelial healing was evaluated in corneal alkali wounds. · Methods: Epithelial wounds were induced by a 60-s application of a round filter paper (5.5 mm) soaked in 1 N NaOH onto the central cornea of the rabbit. Animals were treated with 0.1% dexamethasone 4 times each day for 8 weeks in one subgroup and(More)
Early during endospore formation in the bacterium Bacillus subtilis, two distinct cell types are formed. The initiation of this developmental pathway requires several physiological conditions (e.g., nutrient deprivation) and is controlled by the Spo0A transcription factor. We have found that in a culture of sporulating cells, there are two subpopulations,(More)
The heat shock response is a highly conserved reaction common to all cells and organisms. It has been reported that hyperthermic treatment can induce the expression of the heat shock protein (HSP) and can protect cells from ultraviolet (UV) B radiation. In this study, we evaluated the effects of induced HSP70 on resistance to UV radiation. G361 amelanotic(More)
Using a flow cytometry-based technique for detecting p-galactosidase. lacZ fusions have been used to study the pattern of gene expression exhibited by stationary phase cultures of Bacillus subtilis that have initiated the developmental pathway of spore formation. We have found that within such cultures there exist two distinct cell types: one that has(More)
Embryogenic calluses of Rosa hybrida cultivar Tineke were transformed with Agrobacterium tumefaciens strain LBA4404 containing the binary vector pBIN m-gfp5-ER into which the virE/virG genes had been inserted. Visualization of GFP-expressing cells enabled visual selection of dividing, embryogenic cell clusters that were transgenic. When the Agrobacterium(More)
Functional role of peripheral benzodiazepine receptor on mitochondrial membrane in apoptosis and insulin secretion from insulinoma cells was studied. A prototypic peripheral benzodiazepine receptor agonist PK11195 induced insulinoma cell apoptosis, while a central benzodiazepine receptor agonist did not. Death of insulinoma cells by PK11195 was inhibited by(More)
We report on 1) the development of a flow cytometry-based technique for detecting beta-galactosidase in differentiating cultures of Bacillus subtilis and 2) the application of this technique in the study of early developmental gene expression. The problems associated with generating detectable signals (despite the small size of B. subtilis cells) have been(More)
Cultures of the CRL-1606 hybridoma (ATCC) have been reported to undergo continuous proliferation with simultaneous death during nutrient limited fed-batch fermentations. The bcl-2 proto-oncogene has been shown to prevent cell death under a variety of otherwise death inducing conditions. We were interested in elucidating the nature of the massive death(More)
Vitiligo is a pigmentary skin disorder characterized by the chronic and progressive loss of melanocytes. Although the etiology of vitiligo is still unknown, several theories have been proposed to explain the pathogenesis of vitiligo including autoimmune, neural, self-destruction, oxidative stress, and genetic theories. Human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-G is a(More)
Sp2/0 hybridoma cells die principally by apoptosis in batch culture. We have found that cultures of the Sp2/0 hybridoma exhibit increased viability in response to interleukin 6 (IL-6) supplementation relative to control cultures during serum shiftdown experiments. When shifted from a medium containing 10% fetal bovine serum (FBS) to a medium with 1% FBS,(More)