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A vaccine against hepatitis B surface antigen (Institut Pasteur Production) was assessed in staff members from forty-eight French haemodialysis units where the risk of hepatitis B was high. Of 318 subjects who completed the protocol, 164 received three monthly injections of vaccine and 154 received corresponding injections of placebo. Hepatitis B infection… (More)
A vaccine against hepatitis B surface antigen (Institut Pasteur Production) was assessed in 138 haemodialysis patients in a placebo-controlled randomised double-blind trial. In an interim analysis, hepatitis B infections were observed in 21% of the vaccine group and 45% of the placebo group (p less than 0.02). 2 of the infections in the vaccine group and 12… (More)
Comparison between CDC and ADCC in a human allogeneic model using the same cytotoxicity marker, i.e. 51Cr release from labelled target cells, provided a better definition of the optimal technical conditions for revealing ADCC. Testing 229 sera from human renal allograft recipients after transplantation, we found that CDC is detected only during rejection… (More)
The effect of parathyroidectomy on left-ventricular function was evaluated in chronic-haemodialysis patients with advanced hyperparathyroidism. Radionuclide angiocardiography (22 patients) and ultrasound echography (8 patients) revealed a significant increase in left-ventricular ejection fraction 1--2 weeks after parathyroidectomy. This improvement was… (More)
A renal allograft recipient with an epidermodysplasia-verruciformis-like syndrome was found to have human papillomavirus type 5 (HPV-5) in his benign warty lesions and HPV-5 DNA in two of his skin cancers. This finding points to a role for HPV-5 in skin oncogenesis in renal allograft recipients.
In order to determine whether reinforced vaccinations improve the immune response among uremic patients, three vaccination schedules with hepatitis B surface antigen vaccine (Institut Pasteur Production) were compared. A total of 215 hemodialysis patients treated in HBV free units were randomly allocated to Group I (3 injections of 1 ml), Group II (3… (More)
In a group of azathioprine-treated patients whose renal allografts functioned immediately, 53 received prophylactic steroid treatment while 54 were given steroids only at the onset of the first renal failure. Three types of renal failure were identified, and their distribution in the patient groups was different, but the incidence of both reversible and… (More)