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A gradient has been designed to yield two subfractions of plasma membrane vesicles from rat myometrium, a low buoyant density (8-24% sucrose) fraction N1 richer in 5'-nucleotidase and a higher buoyant density (24-30% sucrose) fraction N2, instead of a previously described fraction F1. Both N1 and N2 had very low activities of NADPH-cytochrome c reductase(More)
Collagenase and elastase treatment was used to isolate vascular smooth muscle cells from canine carotid artery. Their structure and function were compared to those in situ. Morphological studies showed that these cells when relaxed in situ were 120-133 micron mean length, connected by numerous typical gap junctions, covered by a basal lamina and like other(More)
The role of prostaglandins in maintenance of basal myogenic tone of the lower esophageal sphincter (LES) of opossum has been studied in vivo. Intra-arterial infusion of arachidonic acid decreased LES tone, and this was inhibited by intravenous indomethacin (IDM) or intra-arterial 5,8,11,14-eicosatetraynoic acid (ETA). Alone these drugs did not reduce LES(More)
Field stimulation with pulses of 0.5 or 5 ms relaxed isolated strips of lower esophageal sphincter (LES) of the opossum; only responses to 0.5-ms pulses were inhibited by tetrodotoxin. Black widow spider venom prevented relaxation to both stimuli; thus both stimuli may release nonadrenergic inhibitory mediator. Isoproterenol, but not PGEs or ATP, was a(More)
Active tension is produced by the lower esophageal sphincter (LES) of North American opossum in vitro by a myogenic mechanism. Strips of LES, but not those from the esophageal body, contracted to prostaglandin (PG)F2 alpha, stable expoxymethano derivatives of PGH2 and to thromboxane B2. Stable endoperoxides were more than 500 times more potent than PGF2(More)
Plasma membrane vesicles of rat myometrium were prepared in media containing 240 mM sucrose. The vesicles were exposed to isotonic, hypertonic, and hypotonic sucrose concentrations, fixed, sectioned, and studied using the electron microscope. The vesicles fixed in isotonic media were circular in appearance. Vesicles fixed in hypertonic media were distorted(More)
The properties of Ca2+ channels in strips and single muscle cells of longitudinal muscle of estrogen-dominated rat myometrium were studied under the effects of elevation of K+ concentration, the partial channel agonist Bay K 8644, and nitrendipine. In isolated strips in 0.5 mM Ca2+, Bay K 8644 (pD2 = 7.8-8.0) lowered the threshold for and enhanced the(More)
Isopycnic centrifugation experiments using sucrose density gradients showed that in digitonin-treated microsomes the distribution of the plasma membrane (PM) marker 5'-nucleotidase was shifted to higher densities. The treatment also caused similar but less pronounced changes in the distribution of protein, the putative endoplasmic reticulum (ER) marker(More)