J Crankshaw

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Plasma membranes from rat myometrium preincubated in Krebs-Ringer solution and homogenized in a Polytron were isolated by differential and sucrose density gradient centrifugation. The enzyme activities of isolated plasma membranes were analyzed to determine the contamination by mitochondrial inner and outer membranes, endoplasmic reticulum, and lysosomes.(More)
Plasma membrane vesicles of rat myometrium were prepared in media containing 240 mM sucrose. The vesicles were exposed to isotonic, hypertonic, and hypotonic sucrose concentrations, fixed, sectioned, and studied using the electron microscope. The vesicles fixed in isotonic media were circular in appearance. Vesicles fixed in hypertonic media were distorted(More)
Isopycnic centrifugation experiments using sucrose density gradients showed that in digitonin-treated microsomes the distribution of the plasma membrane (PM) marker 5'-nucleotidase was shifted to higher densities. The treatment also caused similar but less pronounced changes in the distribution of protein, the putative endoplasmic reticulum (ER) marker(More)
Collagenase and elastase treatment was used to isolate vascular smooth muscle cells from canine carotid artery. Their structure and function were compared to those in situ. Morphological studies showed that these cells when relaxed in situ were 120-133 micron mean length, connected by numerous typical gap junctions, covered by a basal lamina and like other(More)
To test the hypothesis that functional postsynaptic alpha-2 adrenoceptors exist in rat myometrium, we examined whether specific binding sites for [3H]rauwolscine were present on microsomal membranes from myometrium of nonpregnant, day 16 pregnant and delivering rats and whether an alpha-2 adrenoceptor agonist has functional effects. The myometrium of rats(More)
Field stimulation with pulses of 0.5 or 5 ms relaxed isolated strips of lower esophageal sphincter (LES) of the opossum; only responses to 0.5-ms pulses were inhibited by tetrodotoxin. Black widow spider venom prevented relaxation to both stimuli; thus both stimuli may release nonadrenergic inhibitory mediator. Isoproterenol, but not PGEs or ATP, was a(More)
A gradient has been designed to yield two subfractions of plasma membrane vesicles from rat myometrium, a low buoyant density (8-24% sucrose) fraction N1 richer in 5'-nucleotidase and a higher buoyant density (24-30% sucrose) fraction N2, instead of a previously described fraction F1. Both N1 and N2 had very low activities of NADPH-cytochrome c reductase(More)
Active tension is produced by the lower esophageal sphincter (LES) of North American opossum in vitro by a myogenic mechanism. Strips of LES, but not those from the esophageal body, contracted to prostaglandin (PG)F2 alpha, stable expoxymethano derivatives of PGH2 and to thromboxane B2. Stable endoperoxides were more than 500 times more potent than PGF2(More)