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The validity of a photoelectric method for continuous cerebral blood volume (CBV) measurement was tested and modified for the rat's brain. A new way of introducing a miniature light source between the two hemispheres and fixing a light sensitive silicone blue cell to the outer surface of the parietal bone was developed. Light extinction factor of the rat's(More)
In the present study, the role of the endogenous opioid peptide systems in the regulation of blood pressure during standardized, stepwise hemorrhagic hypotension was investigated in anesthetized rats. Central as well as peripheral administration of naloxone resulted in an increase in the bleeding volumes required to reduce blood pressure. Bleeding volumes(More)
The effect of intracerebroventricularly (i.c.v.) administered alpha-melanocyte-stimulating hormone (MSH) and gamma 2-MSH on hypothalamic blood flow autoregulation was studied in anesthetized rats at different levels of standardized arterial hypotension. Autoregulation was impaired upon i.c.v. administration of 5 micrograms/kg gamma 2-MSH while alpha-MSH(More)
A variety of neurotransmitters and neuropeptides appear to participate in the central control mechanisms of arterial blood pressure. Our knowledge of these mechanisms is limited as yet. In the present study the involvement of the opioid peptide beta-endorphin in circulatory homeostasis was studied. Under conditions in which beta-endorphin does not affect(More)
The present study investigated the question of whether peripheral or central opiate receptors are activated during controlled haemorrhagic hypotension. In anaesthetized Wistar rats, blood pressure was reduced by steps, by bleeding, to 80, 60 and 40 mmHg. Subcutaneous administration of 1 mg/kg of naloxone and of methyl naloxone-Br, an analogue of naloxone,(More)
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