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Cold storage of tubers of potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) compromises tuber quality in many cultivars by the accumulation of hexose sugars in a process called cold-induced sweetening. This is caused by the breakdown of starch to sucrose, which is cleaved to glucose and fructose by vacuolar acid invertase. During processing of affected tubers, the high(More)
Cold-induced sweetening (CIS) is a serious post-harvest problem for potato tubers, which need to be stored cold to prevent sprouting and pathogenesis in order to maintain supply throughout the year. During storage at cold temperatures (below 10 °C), many cultivars accumulate free reducing sugars derived from a breakdown of starch to sucrose that is(More)
We describe how we plan to convert a traditional data collection sensor and ocean model into a DDDAS enabled system for identifying contaminants and then reacting with different models, simulations, and sensing strategies in a symbiotic manner. The sensor is just as useful in water as it would be on Mars for material identification. A successful terrestrial(More)
This report describes a classification algorithm developed by the Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory for use in evaluating data collected by the Preliminary Credibility Assessment System (PCASS). The PCASS instrument measures two physiological signals during a specifically generated structured interview and the embedded classification(More)
Cereal crops, including bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.), are an important staple food worldwide. With a growing global population, it is evident that current crop production will not meet the rising demands being placed on modern agriculture. Efforts to improve crop yield and stress-tolerance by traditional breeding are labor intensive, time consuming,(More)
We consider the problem of describing all non-negative integer solutions to a linear congruence in many variables. This question may be reduced to solving the congruence x 1 + 2x 2 + 3x 3 + · · · + (n − 1)x n−1 ≡ 0 (mod n) where x i ∈ N = {0, 1, 2,. . .}. We consider the monoid of solutions of this equation and prove equivalent two conjectures of Elashvili(More)
We describe how we plan to convert a traditional data collection sensor and ocean model into a DDDAS enabled system for identifying contaminants and then reacting with different models, simulations, and sensing strategies in a symbiotic manner. The sensor is just as useful in water as it would be on Mars for material identification. A successful terrestrial(More)
Effects of functional sweeteners on the development of the metabolic syndrome and atherosclerosis are unknown. The objective was to compare the effect of dietary carbohydrate in the form of sucrose (SUCR) to D-tagatose (TAG; an isomer of fructose currently used as a low-calorie sweetener) on body weight, blood cholesterol concentrations, hyperglycemia, and(More)
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