J. Christopher Davies

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BACKGROUND A rich microbial environment in infancy protects against asthma [1], [2] and infections precipitate asthma exacerbations [3]. We compared the airway microbiota at three levels in adult patients with asthma, the related condition of COPD, and controls. We also studied bronchial lavage from asthmatic children and controls. PRINCIPAL FINDINGS We(More)
Responses of rat cerebellar Purkinje cells to iontophoretically administered excitatory amino acids have been studied in vivo. Responses to N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) were either biphasic (excitation followed by inhibition) or purely inhibitory and were antagonized by the selective NMDA-receptor antagonist, 2-amino-5-phosphonovalerate. Quisqualate and(More)
computer users want to be able to recover data lost through user error, software or media failure, or site disaster but are unwilling to devote system resources or downtime to make backup copies of the data. Furthermore, with the rapid growth in the use of data storage and the tendency to move systems toward complete utilization (i.e., 24-hour by 7-day(More)
BACKGROUND Lung delivery of plasmid DNA encoding the CFTR gene complexed with a cationic liposome is a potential treatment option for patients with cystic fibrosis. We aimed to assess the efficacy of non-viral CFTR gene therapy in patients with cystic fibrosis. METHODS We did this randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled, phase 2b trial in two cystic(More)
Gene therapy is being developed as a novel treatment for cystic fibrosis (CF), a condition that has hitherto been widely-researched yet for which no treatment exists that halts the progression of lung disease. Gene therapy involves the transfer of correct copies of cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) DNA to the epithelial cells in the(More)
12/15-Lipoxygenases (LOXs) in monocytes and macrophages generate novel phospholipid-esterified eicosanoids. Here, we report the generation of two additional families of related lipids comprising 15-ketoeicosatetraenoic acid (KETE) attached to four phosphatidylethanolamines (PEs). The lipids are generated basally by 15-LOX in IL-4-stimulated monocytes, are(More)
The effects of the centrally acting muscle relaxant tizanidine (DS 103-282) have been examined on the responses of laminae IV and V dorsal horn neurones to peripheral noxious and non-noxious stimuli in cats spinalized at L1. Iontophoretic ejection of tizanidine near the cell bodies of the recorded neurones or more dorsally into laminae II-III resulted in a(More)
Pulmonary disease is the most important cause of morbidity and mortality in cystic fibrosis (CF). Most patients with CF die from respiratory failure with extensive airway destruction. Airway remodelling, defined as structural airway wall changes, begins early in life in CF but the sequence of remodelling events in the disease process is poorly understood.(More)
Human beta-defensin 2 (DEFB4, also known as DEFB2 or hBD-2) is a salt-sensitive antimicrobial protein that is expressed in lung epithelia. Previous work has shown that it is encoded in a cluster of beta-defensin genes at 8p23.1, which varies in copy number between 2 and 12 in different individuals. We determined the copy number of this locus in 355 patients(More)
BACKGROUND Rhinovirus infections are the dominant cause of asthma exacerbations, and deficient virus induction of IFN-α/β/λ in asthmatic patients is important in asthma exacerbation pathogenesis. Mechanisms causing this interferon deficiency in asthmatic patients are unknown. OBJECTIVE We sought to investigate the expression of suppressor of cytokine(More)