J Chris Lewers

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A unique sensitivity to specific biochemical processes is responsible for selective vulnerability of midbrain dopamine neurons in several diseases. Prior studies have shown these neurons are susceptible to energy failure and mitochondrial dysfunction, oxidative stress, and impaired disposal of misfolded proteins. These neurons also are especially vulnerable(More)
Mutations in the gene encoding the purine salvage enzyme, hypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyltransferase (HPRT) cause Lesch-Nyhan disease, a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by cognitive, neurological, and behavioral abnormalities. Despite detailed knowledge of the enzyme's function, the key pathophysiological changes that accompany loss of purine(More)
Several rare inherited disorders have provided valuable experiments of nature highlighting specific biological processes of particular importance to the survival or function of midbrain dopamine neurons. In both humans and mice, deficiency of hypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyl transferase (HPRT) is associated with profound loss of striatal dopamine, with(More)
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