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PURPOSE To review the symptoms and progression of dural arteriovenous fistulas (AVFs) and correlate the findings with various angiographic patterns. MATERIALS AND METHODS Patterns of venous drainage allowed classification of dural AVFs into five types: type I, located in the main sinus, with antegrade flow; type II, in the main sinus, with reflux into the(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the accuracy of hippocampal and amygdala volume measurements in diagnosing patients in the early stages of Alzheimer disease. METHODS Measurements of the hippocampal formation, amygdala, amygdalohippocampal complex (the two measurements summed), caudate nucleus, and ventricles, normalized for total intracranial volume, were obtained on(More)
Interictal diffusion imaging studies in patients with medial temporal lobe epilepsy (MTLE) accompanied by hippocampal sclerosis (HS) have shown an increased diffusivity in the epileptogenic hippocampus. In this study, we wanted to explore the whole brain in order to determine if MTLE could have an impact on the organization and the architecture of a large(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the compensatory mechanisms involved in the recovery of motor function following surgical lesions of the supplementary motor area (SMA) and their relation to the clinical characteristics of recovery. SUBJECTS AND METHODS Twelve patients were referred for surgery of low-grade gliomas located in the SMA, and compared to eight healthy(More)
PURPOSE To determine the efficacy of percutaneous vertebroplasty in treating spinal metastases that result in pain or instability. MATERIALS AND METHODS Thirty-seven patients (20 men, 17 women; aged 33-86 years) underwent 52 percutaneous injections of surgical cement into a vertebra (vertebroplasty) with fluoroscopic guidance in 40 procedures.(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the extent of cortical and subcortical lesions in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) using, in combination, voxel based diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) and voxel based morphometry (VBM). We included 15 patients with definite or probable ALS and 25 healthy volunteers. Patients were assessed using the revised ALS(More)
Magnetic resonance based volumetric measures of hippocampal formation, amygdala (A), caudate nucleus (CN), normalised for total intracranial volume (TIV), were analysed in relation to measures of cognitive deterioration and specific features of memory functions in 18 patients with probable Alzheimer's disease. Neuropsychological examination included the(More)
The aim of this work was to determine whether productive and perceptive language functions are differentially affected in homogeneous groups of epilepsy patients with right and left temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). Eighteen patients with left TLE, 18 with right TLE, and 17 healthy volunteers were studied using fMRI during performance of three tasks assessing(More)
A series of 38 patients with angiographically proven cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT) affecting dural sinuses is reported. This study shows that CVT is not rare, that the clinical diagnosis is extremely difficult because of the variable modes of onset and groupings of symptoms, that most CT findings are non specific and that angiography remains the best(More)