Learn More
Superoxide dismutase reduces injury in many disease processes, implicating superoxide anion radical (O2-.) as a toxic species in vivo. A critical target of superoxide may be nitric oxide (NO.) produced by endothelium, macrophages, neutrophils, and brain synaptosomes. Superoxide and NO. are known to rapidly react to form the stable peroxynitrite anion(More)
Blood cell development relies on the expansion and maintenance of haematopoietic stem and progenitor cells in the embryo. By gene targeting in mouse embryonic stem cells, we demonstrate that the transcription factor GATA-2 plays a critical role in haematopoiesis, particularly of an adult type. We propose that GATA-2 regulates genes controlling growth factor(More)
Fatty acids (FAs) and their derivatives are essential cellular metabolites whose concentrations must be closely regulated. This implies that regulatory circuits exist which can sense changes in FA levels. Indeed, the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha (PPARalpha) regulates lipid homeostasis and is transcriptionally activated by a variety of(More)
H2AX, a member of the histone H2A family, is rapidly phosphorylated in response to ionizing radiation. This phosphorylation, at an evolutionary conserved C-terminal phosphatidylinositol 3-OH-kinase-related kinase (PI3KK) motif, is thought to be critical for recognition and repair of DNA double strand breaks. Here we report that inhibition of DNA replication(More)
The genome of the Kaposi sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV or HHV8) was mapped with cosmid and phage genomic libraries from the BC-1 cell line. Its nucleotide sequence was determined except for a 3-kb region at the right end of the genome that was refractory to cloning. The BC-1 KSHV genome consists of a 140.5-kb-long unique coding region flanked by(More)
Notch receptors function in highly conserved intercellular signalling pathways that direct cell-fate decisions, proliferation and apoptosis in metazoans. Fringe proteins can positively and negatively modulate the ability of Notch ligands to activate the Notch receptor. Here we establish the biochemical mechanism of Fringe action. Drosophila and mammalian(More)
Marijuana and related drugs (cannabinoids) have been proposed as treatments for a widening spectrum of medical disorders. R(+)-[2, 3-dihydro-5-methyl-3-[(morpholinyl)methyl]pyrrolo[1,2,3-de]-1, 4-benzoxazin-yl]-(1-naphthalenyl)methanone mesylate (R(+)-WIN 55212-2), a synthetic cannabinoid agonist, decreased hippocampal neuronal loss after transient global(More)
Plants offer a cost-effective bioreactor to produce antibodies of diverse types. Recent studies demonstrate that secretory IgA, the predominant antibody isotype of the mucosal immune system, can be made in large quantities in plants. CaroRx, the lead SIgA antibody being developed by Planet Biotechnology Inc., has demonstrated activity in pilot phase II(More)
Regulation of adipose cell mass is a critical homeostatic process in higher vertebrates. The conversion of fibroblasts into cells of the adipose lineage is induced by expression of the orphan nuclear receptor PPAR gamma. This suggests that an endogenous PPAR gamma ligand may be an important regulator of adipogenesis. By assaying arachidonate metabolites for(More)
Delayed neuronal death after transient cerebral ischemia may be mediated, in part, by the induction of apoptosis-regulatory gene products. Caspase-3 is a newly characterized mammalian cysteine protease that promotes cell death during brain development, in neuronal cultures, and in other cell types under many different conditions. To determine whether(More)