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E. coli threonyl-tRNA synthetase (ThrRS) is a class II enzyme that represses the translation of its own mRNA. We report the crystal structure at 2.9 A resolution of the complex between tRNA(Thr) and ThrRS, whose structural features reveal novel strategies for providing specificity in tRNA selection. These include an amino-terminal domain containing a novel(More)
Threonyl-tRNA synthetase, a class II synthetase, uses a unique zinc ion to discriminate against the isosteric valine at the activation step. The crystal structure of the enzyme with an analog of seryl adenylate shows that the noncognate serine cannot be fully discriminated at that step. We show that hydrolysis of the incorrectly formed ser-tRNA(Thr) is(More)
The interaction of Escherichia coli threonyl-transfer RNA (tRNA) synthetase with the leader sequence of its own messenger RNA inhibits ribosome binding, resulting in negative translational feedback regulation. The leader sequence resembles the substrate (tRNA(Thr)) of the enzyme, and the nucleotides that mediate the correct recognition of the leader and the(More)
The variation of the proton chemical shifts due to the formation intermolecular hydrogen bonds is computed for a number of complexes which can be formed between the bases of the nucleic acids. The shifts expected for the isolated base pairs, in particular for the G-N1 H, T(or U)-N3H protons and the protons of the amino groups of A, G c, when combined with(More)
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