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E. coli threonyl-tRNA synthetase (ThrRS) is a class II enzyme that represses the translation of its own mRNA. We report the crystal structure at 2.9 A resolution of the complex between tRNA(Thr) and ThrRS, whose structural features reveal novel strategies for providing specificity in tRNA selection. These include an amino-terminal domain containing a novel(More)
Structural investigations of tRNA complexes using NMR or neutron scattering often require deuterated specific tRNAs. Those tRNAs are needed in large quantities and in highly purified and biologically active form. Fully deuterated tRNAs can be prepared from cells grown in deuterated minimal medium, but tRNA content under this conditions is low, due to(More)
Threonyl-tRNA synthetase, a class II synthetase, uses a unique zinc ion to discriminate against the isosteric valine at the activation step. The crystal structure of the enzyme with an analog of seryl adenylate shows that the noncognate serine cannot be fully discriminated at that step. We show that hydrolysis of the incorrectly formed ser-tRNA(Thr) is(More)
We previously showed that: (i) E.coli threonyl-tRNA synthetase (ThrRS) binds to the leader of its mRNA and represses translation by preventing ribosome binding to its loading site; (ii) the translational operator shares sequence and structure similarities with tRNA(Thr); (iii) it is possible to switch the specificity of the translational control from ThrRS(More)
The interaction of Escherichia coli threonyl-transfer RNA (tRNA) synthetase with the leader sequence of its own messenger RNA inhibits ribosome binding, resulting in negative translational feedback regulation. The leader sequence resembles the substrate (tRNA(Thr)) of the enzyme, and the nucleotides that mediate the correct recognition of the leader and the(More)
A DNA fragment of 487 bp containing a gene for tRNAPhe has been sequenced. Although the tRNAPhe sequence is identical to that of pheU (which maps at 94.5 min) the surrounding sequences are quite different. This sequence is thus that of a second gene for tRNAPhe (which we shall call pheV). In vitro transcription experiments and S1 mapping in vivo show the(More)
The variation of the proton chemical shifts due to the formation intermolecular hydrogen bonds is computed for a number of complexes which can be formed between the bases of the nucleic acids. The shifts expected for the isolated base pairs, in particular for the G-N1 H, T(or U)-N3H protons and the protons of the amino groups of A, G c, when combined with(More)
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