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Consolidated memory after olfactory learning in Drosophila consists of two components, a cycloheximide-sensitive, long-term memory (LTM) and a cycloheximide-insensitive, anesthesia-resistant memory (ARM). Using an inducible transgene that expresses a dominant negative member of the fly CREB family, LTM was specifically and completely blocked only after(More)
Genetic studies of memory formation in Drosophila have revealed that the formation of a protein synthesis-dependent long-term memory (LTM) requires multiple training sessions. LTM is blocked specifically by induced expression of a repressor isoform of the cAMP-responsive element-binding protein (CREB). Here, we report an enhancement of LTM formation after(More)
We have characterized a Drosophila gene that is a highly conserved homolog of the mammalian cyclic AMP (cAMP)-responsive transcription factors CREB and CREM. Uniquely among Drosophila genes characterized to date, it codes for a cAMP-responsive transcriptional activator. An alternatively spliced product of the same gene is a specific antagonist of(More)
Cyclic AMP response element binding protein (CREB)-responsive transcription plays a central role in the formation of long-term memory in Drosophila, Aplysia and mice. Agents that disrupt the activity of CREB specifically block the formation of long-term memory, whereas agents that increase the amount or activity of the transcription factor accelerate the(More)
We have engineered two new versions of the doxycycline (dox) inducible system for use in Drosophila. In the first system, we have used the ubiquitously expressed Drosophila actin5C promoter to express the Tet-Off transactivator (tTA) in all tissue. Induction of a luciferase target transgene begins 6 h after placing the flies on dox-free food. Feeding(More)
Since their inception, tetracycline (Tet)-inducible systems have become the method of choice for transgenic research. The Tet-Off systems have a number of advantages, including robust target induction using a relatively benign effector molecule. However, use of the Tet-On system has been fraught with difficulties, including high background expression in the(More)
The processes of learning and memory have traditionally been studied in large experimental organisms (Aplysia, mice, rats and humans), where well-characterized behaviors are easily tested. Although Drosophila is one of the most experimentally tractable organisms, it has only recently joined the others as a model organism for learning and memory. Drosophila(More)
  • J C Yin
  • 1999
Memory formation, like real estate, can be summarized succinctly-location, location, location. It is an emergent property involving different anatomical regions in the brain, sets of neuronal circuits, and cellular and molecular interactions between and within those neurons. At each of these levels of description, location continues to be a major organizing(More)
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