J. C. Waterton

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Vascular and angiogenic processes provide an important target for novel cancer therapeutics. Dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging is being used increasingly to noninvasively monitor the action of these therapeutics in early-stage clinical trials. This publication reports the outcome of a workshop that considered the methodology and design of(More)
Dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI), using gadopentetate dimeglumine, was used to monitor acute effects on tumour vascular permeability following inhibition of vascular endothelial growth factor-A (VEGF-A) signal transduction. Mice bearing PC-3 human prostate adenocarcinoma xenografts were treated with ZD6474, a VEGF receptor-2(More)
The purpose was to evaluate the inter-visit, inter-observer and intra-observer variation of quantitative and qualitative tendon examinations in vivo for a cohort of asymptomatic volunteers. Eleven healthy male subjects were recruited. The following tendons were assessed by ultrasonography: Achilles tendon, patellar tendon, triceps tendon, extensor pollicis(More)
BACKGROUND Non-invasive quantitative imaging biomarkers are essential for the evaluation of novel targeted therapeutics. Before deployment in clinical trials, such imaging biomarkers require qualification, typically through pre-clinical identification of imaging-pathology correlates. METHODS First, in investigating imaging biomarkers of invasion, the(More)
ZD6126 is a vascular targeting agent that disrupts the tubulin cytoskeleton of proliferating neo-endothelial cells. This leads to the selective destruction and congestion of tumour blood vessels in experimental tumours, resulting in extensive haemorrhagic necrosis. In this study, the dose-dependent activity of ZD6126 in rat GH3 prolactinomas and murine(More)
The contrast agent gadofosveset, which binds reversibly to serum albumin, has a high longitudinal relaxivity at lower magnetic fields (≤3.0 T) but a much lower relaxivity at high fields. Spin locking is sensitive to macromolecular content; it is hypothesized that combining this technique with the albumin-binding properties of gadofosveset may enable(More)
Dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI (DCE-MRI) is frequently used to provide response biomarkers in clinical trials of novel cancer therapeutics but assessment of their physiological accuracy is difficult. DCE-CT provides an independent probe of similar pharmacokinetic processes and may be modeled in the same way as DCE-MRI to provide purportedly equivalent(More)
BACKGROUND Magnetic resonance elastography (MRE) is an emerging imaging technique that affords non-invasive quantitative assessment and visualization of tissue mechanical properties in vivo. METHODS In this study, MRE was used to quantify (kPa) the absolute value of the complex shear modulus |G*|, elasticity Gd and viscosity Gl of SW620 human colorectal(More)
BACKGROUND Non-invasive imaging biomarkers underpin the development of molecularly targeted anti-cancer drugs. This study evaluates tumour apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC), measured by diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DW-MRI), as a biomarker of response to the MEK1/2 inhibitor selumetinib (AZD6244, ARRY-142886) in human tumour xenografts.(More)
The objective of this study was first to determine whether three slowly growing early-generation murine transplantable tumours, the T40 fibrosarcoma, T115 mammary carcinoma and T237 lung carcinoma, exhibit patterns of energetics and blood flow during growth that are different from those of the faster growing RIF-1 fibrosarcoma. Serial measurements were made(More)