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Efficacy and safety of mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) may be optimized with individualized doses based on therapeutic monitoring of its active metabolite, mycophenolic acid (MPA). In this 12-month study, 137 renal allograft recipients from 11 French centers receiving basiliximab, cyclosporine A, MMF and corticosteroids were randomized to receive either(More)
Monitoring of human herpesvirus-6 (HHV-6) reactivation is important, especially in immunocompromised patients such as transplant recipients. Reverse transcription PCR (RT-PCR) is a useful method to distinguish between latent and active infection. Here, a RT-nested PCR coupled with a colorimetric plate hybridization assay was established to detect HHV-6(More)
The aim of this study was to develop maximum a posteriori probability (MAP) Bayesian estimators of mycophenolic acid (MPA) pharmacokinetics (PK) capable of accurately estimating the MPA interdose AUC in renal transplant patients using a limited number of blood samples. The individual MPA plasma concentration-time profiles of 44 adult kidney transplant(More)
BACKGROUND The low and highly variable oral bioavailability of the immunosuppressant sirolimus is thought to result partly from genetic polymorphism of the CYP3A5 gene. METHODS This study aimed to evaluate the contribution of the CYP3A5 single-nucleotide polymorphism A6986G to the interindividual variability of sirolimus pharmacokinetics in 47 renal(More)
Here, we report on a patient with a gram-negative CAPDrelated peritonitis presumably caused by an ascending infection due to fallopian tube capture of the CAPD catheter. An 81-year-old woman with coronary heart disease and end-stage renal disease as a consequence of diabetes mellitus underwent an uncomplicated surgical insertion of a Tenckhoff catheter.(More)
N-acetyl-seryl-aspartyl-lysyl-proline (AcSDKP) is a physiological inhibitor of hematopoiesis that is maintained at stable levels in normal plasma. Its degradation in vivo and in vitro by angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) accounts for the high plasma concentrations of AcSDKP in patients treated with ACE inhibitors. Because ACE inhibitors can induce anemia(More)
For ten years, an increase in the number of elderly patients on renal transplant waiting lists has occured. In an attempt to close the widening gap between supply and demand and because the demand for kidneys for younger patients already surpasses the supply, transplant physicians nowadays accept organs from older donors that might have been deemed(More)
Whether valaciclovir (VCV) prophylaxis could be responsible for ganciclovir (GCV)-resistance of Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) in transplantation has never been documented. A multicentric retrospective pilot study was undertaken to detect GCV-resistance through mutations within the UL97 gene in renal transplant recipients who experienced active HCMV infection(More)
BACKGROUND The type 1 plasminogen activator inhibitor (PAI-1) is involved in the development of fibrosis, and its intrarenal expression is increased in interstitial fibrosis and tubular atrophy (IFTA). Moreover, a 4G/5G polymorphism of the PAI-1 gene has been described associating 4G haplotype with higher PAI-1 plasma activity. We investigated the(More)
Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) and human herpesvirus-6 (HHV-6) are two closely related viruses, which belong to the Herpesviridae family. Following primary infection, they are thought to persist for life as latent forms in mononuclear cells. HCMV and HHV-6 can cause considerable morbidity in immunocompromised individuals, such as transplant patients. A(More)