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PURPOSE This study investigated 3D differences of the pharynx in adult patients with unrepaired isolated cleft palate (ICP) versus normal adults using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT). PATIENTS AND METHODS CBCT data of 32 adult patients with nonsyndromic unrepaired ICP and 30 normal controls were acquired. Image processing and analyses were performed(More)
The ability to retrieve and monitor soil moisture and vegetation water content (VWC) is of great importance. Yet accurate retrieval of such information from microwave observations presents a big challenge, which calls for the development of high fidelity scattering models. In the literature, a ”discrete scatter” approach was usually deployed,(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study is to analyze the craniofacial morphology in patients with unrepaired isolated cleft palate (UICP) at childhood, adolescence and adulthood, in order to assess the influence of nonsurgical factors on the craniofacial growth in these patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS Lateral and posteroanterior cephalograms of 106 non-syndromic(More)
Cleft lip with or without cleft palate (CL/P) is one of the most common birth defects worldwide and is characterized by abnormalities of the orofacial structure. Syndromic CL/P is mainly caused by Mendelian disorders such as Van der Woude Syndrome (VWS). However, >70% of CL/P cases are nonsyndromic, characterized by isolated orofacial cleft without any(More)
Most current variable structure control methods need complex calculation of manipulator sliding mode's control parameters. To solve this problem, we can divide the manipulator model into certain and uncertain two parts in this paper. The certain part is regared as a nominal model, we designs the state feedback controller to controll it. For uncertain part(More)
Sea surface salinity (SSS) has a profounding influence on the the exchanges of matter and energy at the air-ocean interface. It is also a driving force for ocean circulations. The capability of accurate measurement of SSS with high spatial and temporal resolution shall be a desirable boost to the global climate models. The scientific missions Soil Moisture(More)
It is well known that microRNAs (miRNAs) play important roles in cancer development by targeting oncogenes or tumor-suppressor genes. However, little is known regarding the mechanisms of miR-30c action in endometrial cancer. In this study, we aimed to determine whether miR-30c targets metastasis-associated (More)
Systemically delivered NEL-like molecule-1 (NELL-1), a potent pro-osteogenic protein, promotes bone formation in healthy and osteoporotic mouse models. PEGylation of NELL-1 (NELL-PEG) increases the half-life of the protein in a mouse model without compromising its osteogenic potential, thereby improving its pharmacokinetics upon systemic delivery. This(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the preoperative morphology of velopharyngeal structures in older patients with cleft palate and to evaluate which structure(s) could distinguish velopharyngeal function. The investigators implemented a retrospective study and 66 patients whose palate was repaired by 1 surgeon with the same technique were(More)