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The cerebral cortex of Alzheimer's and Down syndrome patients is characterized by the presence of protein deposits in neurofibrillary tangles, neuritic plaques, and neuropil threads. These structures were shown to contain forms of beta amyloid precursor protein and ubiquitin-B that are aberrant (+1 proteins) in the carboxyl terminus. The +1 proteins were(More)
1. VP and OT mediate their wealth of effects via 4 receptor subtypes V1a, V1b, V2, and OT receptors. 2. We here review recent insights in the pharmacological properties, structure activity relationships, species differences in ligand specificity, expression patterns, and signal transduction of VP/OT receptor. 3. Furthermore, the existence of additional(More)
In the present study, we aimed to investigate the neuromodulatory role played by hypothalamic brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) in the regulation of acute cardiovascular and feeding responses to melanocortin-4 receptor (MC4R) activation. In vitro, a selective MC4R agonist, MK1, stimulated BDNF release from isolated rat hypothalami and this effect was(More)
The human HIV transactivator protein Tat is essential for efficient viral transcription that occurs by a complex mechanism involving interaction of Tat with the TAR RNA element. This interaction appears to require the mediation of a cellular protein, cyclin T1. However, the possibility that Tat and TAR associate in a binary Tat-TAR complex has been little(More)
Abstract Oxytocin (OT) plays a role in reproduction at the level of the pituitary and mammary glands and uterus. This OT is synthesized in the hypothalamo-neurohypophyseal system (HNS). A number of observations have suggested that estrogens regulate the production of OT in the HNS. In this study the effect of 17beta-estradiol on the activity of the OT gene(More)
The influence of chronic morphine exposure in vitro on the biotransformation of beta-endorphin (beta E) was investigated using the myenteric plexus-longitudinal muscle of guinea-pig ileum. A membrane preparation was incubated with beta E and the degradation of beta E as well as the accumulation of several beta E fragments in the incubation medium were(More)
A variety of biologically active peptides has been detected in the central nervous system. Only in a few cases has their presence been assessed after isolation and chemical characterisation, for example, neurotensin and the enkephalins.s 3 Often their existence in brain tissue was demonstrated by using the biological activities in bioassays or the(More)
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