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Following standard treatment, the prognosis remains poor in patients with high-grade glioma and new therapies are urgently required. Herpes simplex virus 1716 (HSV1716) is an ICP34.5 null mutant that is selectively replication competent and shown to be safe and to replicate following injection into high-grade glioma. We demonstrate that following surgical(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate whether visual assessment of [123I]-FP-CIT (DaTSCAN, Nycomed Amersham, plc) single photon emission computerized tomography (SPECT) images can differentiate between parkinsonism and essential tremor (ET). METHODS [123I]-FP-CIT SPECT imaging was conducted in a six-center study of 158 patients with a clinical diagnosis of parkinsonism(More)
Single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) used in conjunction with HM-PAO (Ceretec-Amersham International) was used to image regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) in 28 patients with medically intractable complex partial seizures during or soon after a seizure, and interictally. Changes from interictal rCBF were seen in 26/28 (93%) patients. The main(More)
Single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) with 99mTc-HMPAO was used to image 26 patients with dementia of the Alzheimer type (DAT) and 10 healthy controls. Regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) data indicated a relative sparing of the occipital regions in DAT. Normalisation to occipital flow illustrated highly significant CBF deficits in a number of(More)
Patients with severe head injury frequently have evidence of elevated intracranial pressure (ICP) and ischemic neuronal damage at autopsy. Mannitol has been used clinically to reduce ICP with varying success, and it is possible that it is more effective in some types of head injury than in others. The aim of the present study was to determine the effect of(More)
Cranial CSF volumes, for the first time including CSF in the subarachnoid space, can be measured by Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI). The MRI sequence causes signal from the grey matter and white matter to cancel producing a contrast of 200: 1 between a unit of CSF and a unit of brain. We have assessed the variations between normal individuals and(More)
The variability in clinical features and the masking effects of drug therapy in Parkinson's disease (PD) can affect clinical assessment of disease severity. The aim of this study was to assess the imaging of dopamine transporters using 123I-FP-CIT SPECT and its correlation with disease staging, severity, and duration. Differences between the clinical(More)
Magnetic resonance imaging was used to measure intracranial extraventricular and ventricular cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) volume. In 10 normal subjects lateral ventricular and extraventricular intracranial CSF volumes were 25.3 +/- 4.6 ml (mean +/- SD) and 97.6 +/- 6.6 ml, respectively (total 122.8 +/- 38.7). These volumes were measured in 4 patients and the(More)
Brain swelling is a serious complication associated with focal ischemia in stroke and severe head injury. Experimentally, reperfusion following focal cerebral ischemia exacerbates the level of brain swelling. In this study, the permeability of the blood-brain barrier has been investigated as a possible cause of reperfusion-related acute brain swelling.(More)
Accurate measurements of CSF volumes would assist in the diagnosis of several important neurological conditions. Using Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) we have devised a method to measure both total intracranial CSF volume and ventricular volume. This initial study, in normal humans, provides an answer to two longstanding questions: first, do these volumes(More)