J. C. Mìllàn

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Low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol concentration has been the prime index of cardiovascular disease risk and the main target for therapy. However, several lipoprotein ratios or "atherogenic indices" have been defined in an attempt to optimize the predictive capacity of the lipid profile. In this review, we summarize their pathophysiological aspects,(More)
The incidence of histamine- or tyramine-producing lactic acid bacteria was examined in several products of vacuum-packed sugar-salted fish (salmon, halibut, mackerel). No histamine-producing isolates were observed, whereas the majority of tyramine-producing isolates were identified as Carnobacterium spp. These organisms were shown to be important members of(More)
A phase I clinical trial was performed to examine the safety and immunogenicity of a multi-epitope polypeptide comprising the central 15 amino acids of the V3 loop from six HIV-1 isolates. This protein called TAB9 was emulsified in Montanide ISA720 (Seppic, Paris) and administered intramuscularly at doses of 0, 0.2 and 1 mg to 24 healthy, HIV-1 seronegative(More)
Using stringent Western blot (WB) criteria, human T cell lymphotropic virus (HTLV) type I seroprevalence among 3783 persons from representative rural populations of Cameroon averaged 1.1% and was higher in females (1.5%) and in Pygmies (2.0%), increasing with age. Furthermore, an HTLV-I Gag-indeterminate WB profile (HGIP), exhibiting strong reactivities to(More)
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES A large proportion of patients with coronary disease have metabolic syndrome, although the frequency and association of its different components are not well understood. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of metabolic syndrome and the combination of its components in a Spanish cohort of patients with acute(More)
OBJECTIVE We studied the effect of ovariectomy, estradiol (E2), and E2 + medroxyprogesterone (MPA) on the Wistar rat uterus. METHODS We used 15 adult female rats. The study was divided into the following four stages: (a) extirpation of the upper half of the left hemi-uterus (basal state) and ovariectomy; (b) animals were maintained for 15 days without(More)
Among 39 strains of Mycobacterium leprae isolated from patients with multibacillary leprosy who relapsed after treatment with rifampin (RMP), 22 strains were resistant to RMP and 17 were susceptible. All of the RMP-resistant strains were recovered from patients who had been treated with more than 50 doses of RMP, usually given as monotherapy.(More)
We report the results of a systematic survey carried on 8.961 healthy Guadeloupean blood donors, where we looked for hemoglobinopathies. The results are expressed in regard of the race and site of living (urban or rural) of the subjects. Of these 8.961 subjects, aged 18 to 60, 7.75% were sickle cell trait carriers, 2.36% were heterozygous for Hb C and 0,2%(More)
We report characterization of a human T-cell lymphotropic virus type II (HTLV-II) isolated from an interleukin 2-dependent CD8 T-cell line derived from peripheral blood mononuclear cells of a healthy, HTLV-II-seropositive female Bakola Pygmy, aged 59, living in a remote equatorial forest area in south Cameroon. This HTLLV-II isolate, designated PYGCAM-1,(More)
Immunoglobulin G antibodies against the 85A and 85B components of the Mycobacterium bovis BCG antigen 85 complex separated by isoelectric focusing were investigated in serum samples from 129 patients representing the major forms of leprosy, 111 tuberculous patients, and 153 healthy subjects. For both of the antigens, a higher degree of staining was observed(More)