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The kinetic energy release distributions (KERDs) for the fluorine atom loss from the 1,1-difluoroethene cation have been recorded with two spectrometers in two different energy ranges. A first experiment uses dissociative photoionization with the He(I) and Ne(I) resonance lines, providing the ions with a broad internal energy range, up to 7 eV above the(More)
The purpose of the present work is to determine initial conditions that generate reacting, recrossing-free trajectories that cross the conventional dividing surface of transition state theory (i.e., the plane in configuration space passing through a saddle point of the potential energy surface and perpendicular to the reaction coordinate) without ever(More)
The atom-diatom interaction is studied by classical mechanics using Jacobi coordinates (R, r, θ). Reactivity criteria that go beyond the simple requirement of transition state theory (i.e., PR* > 0) are derived in terms of specific initial conditions. Trajectories that exactly fulfill these conditions cross the conventional dividing surface used in(More)
In a two-dimensional space where a point particle interacts with a diatomic fragment, the action integral contour integral of p(theta) d theta (where theta is the angle between the fragment and the line of centers and p(theta) its conjugate momentum) is an adiabatic invariant. This invariance is thought to be a persistent dynamical constraint. Indeed, its(More)
The objective of the present paper is to show the existence of motion coordination among a bundle of trajectories crossing a saddle point region in the forward direction. For zero total angular momentum, no matter how complicated the anharmonic part of the potential energy function, classical dynamics in the vicinity of a transition state is constrained by(More)
Conversion of translational into vibrational energy during the last step of a unimolecular reaction is brought about by the curvature of the reaction path. The corresponding coupling is analyzed by an angle-action reaction path Hamiltonian (RPH). The accuracy of the vibrational adiabatic approximation is found to be completely independent of the shape of(More)
Dreissena (Bivalvia: Dreissenidae) species can act as ecosystem engineers, physically altering freshwater ecosystems and changing benthic macro-invertebrate assemblages. The mussel beds they form can provide shelter and food for detritivorous species, whereas fouling can directly impact native bivalves. In this study, we examined the effects of the zebra(More)
Kinetic energy release distributions (KERDs) for the benzene ion fragmenting into C 4H 4 (+) and C 2H 2 have been recorded by double-focusing mass spectrometry in the metastable energy window and by a retarding field experiment up to an energy of 5 eV above the fragmentation threshold. They are compared with those resulting from the HCN loss reaction from(More)
For long-range electrostatic potentials and, more generally, when the topography of the potential energy surface is locally simple, the reaction path coordinate is adiabatically separable from the perpendicular degrees of freedom. For the ion-permanent dipole and ion-quadrupole interactions, the Poisson bracket of the adiabatic invariant decreases with the(More)
The kinetic energy release distributions (KERDs) associated with the hydrogen loss from the benzene cation and the deuterium loss from the perdeuteriobenzene cation have been remeasured on the metastable time scale and analyzed by the maximum entropy method. The experimental kinetic energy releases are larger than expected statistically, in(More)