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The functional results of standard reconstruction prostheses are impaired by instability because of poor muscular reinsertion, especially of the gluteal muscles. In 21 patients, composite hip prostheses including proximal femoral allografts were used after primary malignant tumor resection. Ten reconstructions used combined bone-tendon allografts that(More)
We have evaluated bone-marrow activity in the proximal femur of patients with corticosteroid-induced osteonecrosis and compared it with that of patients with osteonecrosis related to sickle-cell disease and with a control group without osteonecrosis. Bone marrow was obtained by puncture of the femoral head outside the area of necrosis and in the(More)
Thirteen patients underwent pelvic reconstruction by massive allografts after resection of a malignant tumor (primary in 10 patients and metastatic in three patients). In 10 patients, the tumor involved the acetabulum and iliac wing and was reconstructed by a hemipelvic allograft; this was accompanied by a hip arthroplasty in nine of the patients. In three(More)
We evaluated the long-term fixation of 64 press-fit cemented stems of constrained total knee prostheses in 32 young patients with primary malignant bone tumours. Initial stable fixation, especially in rotation, was achieved by precise fit of the stem into the reamed endosteum, before cementation. Complementary fixation, especially in migration and rotation,(More)
We tested the accuracy of MRI for the precise quantification of the volume of osteonecrosis in 30 hips (stage III). The values were compared with direct anatomical measurements of the femoral heads obtained after total hip replacement. When the area of osteonecrosis was determined visually, and manually outlined on each slice, the accuracy of the(More)
OBJECTIVE To measure the volume of osteonecrosis in 30 patients with disease in both hips (one side with collapse and the other without at Ficat stage I). METHOD The volume of the osteonecrosis was measured by magnetic resonance imaging. RESULTS The progression to collapse was influenced by the size of the lesion in each patient. The first collapsed hip(More)
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY Macroporous beta tricalcium phosphate ceramic beads were elaborated to be a resorbable bone substitute and a drug delivery system carrying gentamicin or vancomycin. The aim of this study was to evaluate this implant into a rabbit experimental osteomyelitis. MATERIAL AND METHOD Experimentation included 24 rabbits and was performed in(More)
We used a trochanteric slide osteotomy (TSO) in 94 consecutive revision total hip arthroplasties (90 with replacement of both the cup and stem). This technique proved to be adequate for removing the components, with few complications (two minor fractures), and for implanting acetabular allografts (18%) and reinforcement devices (23%). Trochanteric union was(More)
The aim of this study is the histological characterisation of angiogenesis in a macroporous biomaterial with quantification techniques used in oncology. Porous tricalcium phosphate implants were seated in the tibias of 12 rabbits. This work allows (1) morphological study with photonic microscopy, transmission electron microscopic and immunohistochemistry(More)
The possibilities and limits of antibiotic cements (ACs) have been assessed by many researchers. ACs are now approved by many drug agencies, including the US Food and Drug Administration (approval in 2003), with widespread use in prophylaxis and curative treatments. Laboratory experiments have achieved satisfactory antibiotic delivery without impairing the(More)