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The Xenopus homologue of Drosophila Fizzy and budding yeast CDC20 has been characterized. The encoded protein (X-FZY) is a component of a high molecular weight complex distinct from the APC/cyclosome. Antibodies directed against FZY were produced and shown to prevent calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (CaMKII) from inducing the metaphase to anaphase(More)
Microtubules are involved in the transport of vesicles in interphase and of the chromosomes during mitosis. Their arrangement and orientation in the cell are therefore of prime importance and specific patterns are believed to be generated by modulations of the intrinsic dynamic instability of microtubules. Here it is shown that the interphase-metaphase(More)
The nuclear lamina is an intermediate filament-type network underlying the inner nuclear membrane. Phosphorylation of lamin proteins is believed to cause lamina disassembly during meiotic and mitotic M phase, but the M phase-specific lamin kinase has not been identified. Here we show that the cdc2 kinase, a major element implicated in controlling the(More)
Mutations in the clk-1 gene of the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans result in an average slowing of a variety of developmental and physiological processes, including the cell cycle, embryogenesis, post-embryonic growth, rhythmic behaviors and aging. In yeast, a CLK-1 homologue is absolutely required for ubiquinone biosynthesis and thus respiration. Here we(More)
We have investigated whether Plx1, a kinase recently shown to phosphorylate cdc25c in vitro, is required for activation of cdc25c at the G2/M-phase transition of the cell cycle in Xenopus. Using immunodepletion or the mere addition of an antibody against the C terminus of Plx1, which suppressed its activation (not its activity) at G2/M, we show that Plx1(More)
Phosphorylation of Thr161, a residue conserved in all members of the cdc2 family, has been reported to be absolutely required for the catalytic activity of cdc2, the major regulator of eukaryotic cell cycle. In the present work, we have purified from starfish oocytes a kinase that specifically activates cdc2 in a cyclin-dependent manner through(More)
Oocytes arrested in the G2 phase of the cell cycle contain a p34cdc2/cyclin B complex which is kept in an inactive form by phosphorylation of its p34cdc2 subunit on tyrosine, threonine and perhaps serine residues. The phosphatase(s) involved in p34cdc2 dephosphorylation is unknown, but the product of the fission yeast cdc25+ gene, and its homologues in(More)
Nucleolin is a ubiquitous multifunctional protein involved in preribosome assembly and associated with both nucleolar chromatin in interphase and nucleolar organizer regions on metaphasic chromosomes in mitosis. Extensive nucleolin phosphorylation by a casein kinase (CKII) occurs on serine in growing cells. Here we report that while CKII phosphorylation is(More)
We have purified to near homogeneity the M-phase-specific protein kinase from starfish oocytes at first meiotic metaphase, using an improved procedure based on affinity chromatography on the immobilized yeast protein suc1. As already reported, this is identical to MPF, the cytoplasmic factor that controls entry of eukaryotic cells into M-phase. MPF is a(More)
Interphase microtubule arrays are dynamic in intact cells under normal conditions and for this reason they are currently assumed to be composed of polymers that are intrinsically labile, with dynamics that correspond to the behavior of microtubules assembled in vitro from purified tubulin preparations. Here, we propose that this apparent lability is due to(More)