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The response of 835 click-sensitive neurons in the inferior colliculus (IC) to ramp frequency modulated (FM) tones was studied in the anaesthetized rat. More than 70% of the cells were sensitive to the FM sound, and over 25% were "FM specialized". Systematic variations of the stimulus parameters showed that sweep velocity, sweep range, and intensity of the(More)
In decerebrate, vagotomized, paralyzed, and ventilated cats, activities of the phrenic nerve and single hypoglossal nerve fibers were monitored. The great majority of hypoglossal neuronal activities were inspiratory (I), discharging during a period approximating that of phrenic. Many were not active at normocapnia but were recruited in hypercapnia or(More)
In decerebrate, vagotomized, paralyzed, and ventilated cats, phrenic and respiratory-related hypoglossal discharges were evident at normocapnic normoxia or hyperoxia. Both increased progressively in hypercapnia or hypoxia. With increasing drive, onset of inspiratory hypoglossal activity began earlier relative to phrenic onset; an early expiratory(More)
Microelectrode recordings of neuronal activities in the cat were made in the vestibular main nuclei and the y group cells in response to stimulation of the saccule and IIIrd (oculomotor) nuclei. A relatively new anaesthetic (Ketalar, Parke Davis Co.) that apparently did not suppress transmissions through the sacculo-oculomotor pathways was used. A social(More)
The power spectrum of electromyograms (EMG) has been demonstrated to vary with muscles having different muscle fiber type compositions. This study investigated the variations in EMG power spectrum patterns of the masticatory muscles with age and gender by comparison of the mean power frequency (MPF) of the anterior temporal and masseter muscles in children(More)
Our purpose was to characterize receptors which respond to changes in upper airway pressures. Such changes cause alterations in hypoglossal and phrenic nerve activities. Decerebrate, vagotomized, paralyzed and ventilated cats were prepared so that pressures could be altered within segments of upper airways. Activities of single fibers in the superior(More)
Pure tone sensitivity of inferior colliculus (IC) neurons in adult rats was studied electrophysiologically following exposure to a frequency-modulated (FM) tone during the first 5 postnatal weeks. The distribution of best frequencies (BF) and minimum thresholds (MT) of 274 single units, when compared to the control, showed an abnormal clustering centered(More)
Single unit recordings were made in the Deiters' nucleus of cats in response to electrical stimulation of the superior area of the contralateral saccule and the ipsilateral oculomotor (IIIrd) nuclear complex. Correct placements of the stimulating and recording electrodes were identified by upward movements of the eyeballs associated with characteristic(More)
Our purpose was to examine the influence of hypercapnia on the activity of motoneurons innervating the transversus abdominis and internal oblique abdominal muscles, and of integrated phrenic and abdominal motor nerve activities. Studies were done in nine adult cats that were decerebrated, vagotomized, thoracotomized, paralyzed and ventilated mechanically.(More)
Efferent activities on the phrenic and recurrent laryngeal (RLN) nerves were monitored during eupnea, apneusis, and gasping in decerebrate, paralyzed, and ventilated cats before and after spinal cord transection at the first cervical level. The vagi were sectioned caudal to the RLN being studied and at the midcervical level contralaterally. Before spinal(More)