J C Erickson

Learn More
Neuropeptide Y (NPY), a 36-amino-acid transmitter distributed throughout the nervous system, is thought to function as a central stimulator of feeding behaviour. NPY has also been implicated in the modulation of mood, cerebrocortical excitability, hypothalamic-pituitary signalling, cardiovascular physiology and sympathetic function. However, the biological(More)
Neuropeptide Y (NPY) inhibits excitatory synaptic transmission in the hippocampus and is implicated in control of limbic seizures. In the present study, we examined hippocampal function and the response to pharmacologically induced seizures in mutant mice lacking this peptide. In slice electrophysiology studies, no change in normal hippocampal function was(More)
A new member of the metallothionein (MT) gene family was discovered that lies about 20 kb 5' of the MT-III gene in both mouse and human. The MT-IV proteins are highly conserved in both species and have a glutamate insertion at position 5 relative to the classical MT-I and MT-II proteins. Murine MT-IV mRNA appears to be expressed exclusively in stratified(More)
The obesity syndrome of ob/ob mice results from lack of leptin, a hormone released by fat cells that acts in the brain to suppress feeding and stimulate metabolism. Neuropeptide Y (NPY) is a neuromodulator implicated in the control of energy balance and is overproduced in the hypothalamus of ob/ob mice. To determine the role of NPY in the response to leptin(More)
Neuropeptide Y (NPY), a 36 amino acid neuromodulator that is secreted by neurons throughout the peripheral and central nervous system, has been implicated in the control of many physiological processes. We have begun to examine its role in regulation of appetite, behavior, and excitotoxicity by examining mice that are unable to produce NPY as a consequence(More)
Metallothionein-III (MT-III), a brain-specific member of the metallothionein family of metal-binding proteins, is abundant in glutamatergic neurons that release zinc from their synaptic terminals, such as hippocampal pyramidal neurons and dentate granule cells. MT-III may be an important regulator of zinc in the nervous system, and its absence has been(More)
MT-III, a brain-specific member of the metallothionein gene family, binds zinc and may facilitate the storage of zinc in neurons. The distribution of MT-III mRNA within the adult brain was determined by solution and in situ hybridization and compared to that of MT-I mRNA. MT-III mRNA is particularly abundant within the cerebral cortex, hippocampus,(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a chronic neurodegenerative disorder for which the pathogenic mechanisms are not well understood. Previous studies demonstrated that extracts prepared from AD brains could increase the survival of rat cortical neurons in vitro. Additional studies indicated that this enhanced neurotrophic activity of AD brain was due to a(More)
A symposium on the role of brain metallothioneins (MTs) in physiology and pathology was held at the 1996 Annual Society of Toxicology Meeting in Anaheim, California. The objectives of this symposium were to: (1) review the physiologic function of MTs, (2) examine the distribution of brain MTs with particular emphasis on cell-specific localization (neurons(More)
Human and mouse metallothionein-3 (MT-3) molecules exhibit the same metal binding stoichiometry with Zn(II), Cd(II), or Cu(I) as MT-1 or MT-2 molecules, suggesting that MT-3 consists of two domains enfolding separate polymetallic clusters. The kinetic reactivities of Zn(II) complexes of MT-3 with the chelator ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) or the(More)