J. C. Dorlas

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The optical principle of photo-electric plethysmography is described and the clinical significance of changes in the amplitude of the plethysmogram discussed. Physiologically, changes in blood volume pulsations depend on the distensibility of the vessel wall as well as on the intravascular pulse pressure. The importance of both factors in the interpretation(More)
The authors determined whether vasoconstriction alters the ability of a noninvasive method (Finapres) of continuously measuring arterial blood pressure in the finger to function accurately. They compared the response of the Finapres to blood pressures determined simultaneously by an oscillometric technique (Dinamap) in six anesthetized patients.(More)
In photoelectric plethysmography a distinction is made between the reflection methods. Uncertainties still exist, especially regarding the origin of the reflected signal: some investigators attach quantitative value to the amplitude of the plethysmogram. The various findings are reconsidered. Various fluids are pulsatingly pumped through an in vitro(More)
Using noninvasive techniques only, the fall in mean pressure and the pulse amplification between brachial and finger arterial pressure were measured in six anaesthetised female subjects during surgery. Brachial pressure was measured every 2 min with an oscillometric technique. Finger pressure was measured continuously using an arterial volume clamp method.(More)
A new apparatus which measures the blood pressure in the finger continuously and yet not invasively was tested for its usefulness during exercise. It was compared with upper arm measurements in 23 volunteers during prolonged bicycle ergometry. Simultaneously, a pulse plethysmogram was recorded from another finger of the same arm, whereas in six additional(More)
In anaesthesia, the peak-to-peak value of the arterial pulsations in the plethysmogram is used to assess the peripheral circulation. The detection by a conventional peak detector is often impeded, however, because its output signal includes the peak-to-peak value of respiratory waves. Moreover, it does not eliminate electrical and mechanical disturbances. A(More)
The effects of induction of anaesthesia, endotracheal intubation and surgical stimuli on the systemic and peripheral circulations were studied in three groups of patients. In group KA (n = 8) anaesthesia was induced with ketamine (2 mg kg-1) and alcuronium, supplemented by N2O-O2 alone; in group KAH (n = 9) 0.5% halothane was added to the N2O-O2; and in the(More)
Oximetry is a photometric method for simple, non-invasive, and continuous measurement of the O2 saturation (SaO2). The addition of the word "pulse" indicates that, directed by a photo-electric plethysmogram, measurements are only performed during arterial pulsations. It appears from our first experiences with pulse oximetry during anesthesia that each(More)