Learn More
AIM To evaluate adjuvant modalities after curative resection for hepatocellular carcinoma using a meta-analysis of randomized and non-randomized controlled trials. METHODS In a first step, a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials was carried out. Sensitivity analyses after inclusion of non-randomized controlled trials were performed. Four(More)
BACKGROUND Controlled trials have yielded inconsistent results with regard to the efficacy of corticosteroids in the treatment of alcoholic hepatitis. Three meta-analyses suggest that they may be effective in patients with encephalopathy who have severe liver disease. METHODS We conducted a randomized, double-blind trial comparing 28 days of prednisolone(More)
Though the hepatotoxicity of ethanol has been established, only 8% to 20% of chronic alcoholics develop cirrhosis. The aim of this study was to assess whether being overweight is a risk factor for alcoholic liver disease. One thousand six hundred four alcoholic patients were studied. According to the liver biopsies, 194 patients had a normal liver; 402 had(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Corticosteroids have been shown to significantly decrease short-term mortality in patients with severe alcoholic hepatitis. However, independent factors associated with a favorable outcome and long-term survival are unknown. The aim of this study was to examine prognostic factors and long-term survival in patients with biopsy-proven severe(More)
The aim of this paper was, first, to show in a case control study that in alcoholic cirrhotic patients colonic vascular ectasias (VE) are a complication of portal hypertension and, second, to establish in a histomorphometric study that colonic vascular ectasias and rectal varices (RV) are only endoscopic features of a new entity: portal hypertensive(More)
Alpha-2-macroglobulin (A2M) is a proteinase inhibitor. Cells synthesizing A2M are in first-order hepatocytes and in second-order activated Ito cells (in culture starting at day 4-5 after seeding). This study was undertaken in 525 alcoholic patients with different histological stages of alcoholic liver disease to assess if the A2M could improve the(More)
This controlled trial was designed to evaluate the prophylactic effect of nadolol on gastrointestinal bleeding in cirrhotic patients with large oesophageal varices who had never bled. Nadolol or placebo was given randomly to two groups of 53 patients. The percentage of patients free of gastrointestinal bleeding 1 year after inclusion in the study was 83 +/-(More)
To make liver biopsy unnecessary in certain cases, PGA (P, prothrombin time; G, gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase; A, apoliprotein AI), a simple biological index combining a specific test for severe liver disease (prothrombin time), a sensitive test of alcoholic liver disease (serum gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase), and a test for liver fibrosis (serum(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Involvement of an abnormal von Willebrand factor in the bleeding expression of gastrointestinal angiodysplasias has been suggested but not assessed by prospective studies. METHODS To address this issue, 27 patients with either nonbleeding (group A, n = 9) or bleeding (group B, n = 9) digestive angiodysplasias or telangiectasias or(More)