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The ability of isolated adrenocortical cells to secrete corticosterone in response to ACTH challenge declines as rats age, but the site or mechanism(s) of this impairment is still unknown. To test the functionality of steroidogenic capacity per se, we measured the key enzyme activities involved in corticosterone biosynthesis. We also measured the(More)
In the present study the circadian changes which occur in the levels of corticosterone in the brain and plasma in Sprague-Dawley rats are reported. The levels of corticosterone in the brain were found to have a daily trough and crest with timing similar to that observed for the plasma steroid. In addition, the effect of histamine stress on the(More)
We have examined insulin binding, autophosphorylation, and tyrosine kinase activity in detergent-solubilized and wheat germ agglutinin-purified insulin receptor preparations from four rat muscles of different fiber composition (i.e., tensor fascia latae, soleus, vastus intermedius, and plantaris). Insulin binding activity was similar in three of the four(More)
We have examined the protein kinase C that are present in mouse, rat, guinea pig and rabbit liver. Initial subcellular fractionation analysis indicated that the majority (75-85%) of the activity was associated with particulate fraction of the liver. The bound protein kinase C was dissociated by homogenization of livers in buffer containing EGTA, EDTA and(More)
Three forms of Ca2+- and phospholipid-dependent protein kinase (protein kinase C) were extensively purified from rat liver homogenate. Subcellular fractionation analysis indicated that the majority (approximately 85%) of the activity was associated with particulate fractions of the liver. Among these, the microsomal and nuclear fractions accounted for(More)
Net effects of insulin on glucose entry, metabolism and other cellular processes have been well documented over the past 30-40 years. Although it is known that insulin binds to a specific cell membrane receptor protein which undergoes autophosphorylation and tyrosine kinase activation, the individual reactions following receptor activation that cause the(More)