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Data Set Used
Changes in the nature of the ecological resources exploited by a species can lead to the evolution of novel suites of behaviours. We identified a case in which the transition from large pool use to the use of very small breeding pools in neotropical poison frogs (family Dendrobatidae) is associated with the evolution of a suite of behaviours, including… (More)
Images of the (001) planes of muscovite were observed by electron microscopy after embedment of clay-size flakes in epoxy resin and sectioning by ultramicrotome. Dislocation or growth planes were indicated. Incomplete exchange of potassium for barium produced zones with 20-angstrom periodicity, suggesting regular interstratification.
A central goal of phylogeography is to identify and characterize the processes underlying divergence. One of the biggest impediments currently faced is how to capture the spatiotemporal dynamic under which a species evolved. Here, we described an approach that couples species distribution models (SDMs), demographic and genetic models in a spatiotemporally… (More)
Vocalizations from songbirds have been evoked by electrical stimulation of the torus. These vocalizations resemble the normal alarm and scolding calls of the species. The torus of the birds appears to correspond functionally and anatomically to the mammalian central gray matter.
The evolutionary mechanisms causing intraspecific diversity in aposematic color and pattern remain enigmatic. The strawberry poison frog (Oophaga pumilio) has diversified into a broad array of colors that span the visible spectrum. The most divergent phenotypes of O. pumilio are restricted to separate islands in the Bocas del Toro archipelago in western… (More)
Geospatial modeling is one of the most powerful tools available to conservation biologists for estimating current species ranges of Earth's biodiversity. Now, with the advantage of predictive climate models, these methods can be deployed for understanding future impacts on threatened biota. Here, we employ predictive modeling under a conservative estimate… (More)
Most animals store energy as long-chain triacylglycerols (lcTAGs). Trace amounts of acetylated triacylglycerols (acTAGs) have been reported in animals, but are not accumulated, likely because they have lower energy density than lcTAGs. Here we report that acTAGs comprise 36% of the neutral lipid pool of overwintering prepupae of the goldenrod gall fly,… (More)
The field of phylogeography continues to grow in terms of power and accessibility. Initially uniting population genetics and phylogenetics, it now spans disciplines as diverse as geology, statistics, climatology, ecology, physiology, and bioinformatics to name a few. One major and recent integration driving the field forward is between "statistical… (More)
The adenovirus major late transcription unit (MLTU) encodes multiple proteins from five regions, L1 to L5, through differential splicing and polyadenylation. MLTU expression is temporally regulated; only a single product from L1 (52/55K) is expressed prior to replication, but a subsequent switch, the mechanism of which has not been defined, leads to full… (More)
Hibernating ground squirrels (Ictidomys tridecemlineatus) alternate between two distinct metabolic states throughout winter: torpor, during which metabolic rate (MR) and body temperature (Tb) are considerably suppressed, and interbout euthermia (IBE), during which MR and Tb briefly return to euthermic levels. Previous studies showed suppression of… (More)