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The field of phylogeography continues to grow in terms of power and accessibility. Initially uniting population genetics and phylogenetics, it now spans disciplines as diverse as geology, statistics, climatology, ecology, physiology, and bioinformatics to name a few. One major and recent integration driving the field forward is between "statistical(More)
Thirteen-lined ground squirrels (Spermophilus tridecemlineatus) were fed one of four isocaloric, isolipemic diets containing 16, 22, 35 or 55 mg linoleic acid (18:2n-6) per gram. Mitochondrial properties were compared between hibernating and summer active states, and between diet groups. As in other studies, state 3 respiration was significantly reduced in(More)
Changes in the nature of the ecological resources exploited by a species can lead to the evolution of novel suites of behaviours. We identified a case in which the transition from large pool use to the use of very small breeding pools in neotropical poison frogs (family Dendrobatidae) is associated with the evolution of a suite of behaviours, including(More)
During hibernation, animals cycle between periods of torpor, during which body temperature (T(b)) and metabolic rate (MR) are suppressed for days, and interbout euthermia (IBE), during which T(b) and MR return to resting levels for several hours. In this study, we measured respiration rates, membrane potentials, and reactive oxygen species (ROS) production(More)
From observational studies, farmers who use parenteral antibacterials to promptly treat all sheep with footrot (FR) or interdigital dermatitis (ID) have a prevalence of lameness of < 2% compared with a prevalence of 9% lameness reported by farmers who treat lame sheep by trimming affected feet. We tested the hypothesis that prompt treatment of sheep lame(More)
Linking specific ecological factors to the evolution of parental care pattern and mating system is a difficult task of key importance. We provide evidence from comparative analyses that an ecological factor (breeding pool size) is associated with the evolution of parental care across all frogs. We further show that the most intensive form of parental care(More)
A central goal of phylogeography is to identify and characterize the processes underlying divergence. One of the biggest impediments currently faced is how to capture the spatiotemporal dynamic under which a species evolved. Here, we described an approach that couples species distribution models (SDMs), demographic and genetic models in a spatiotemporally(More)
Hibernation and daily torpor involve substantial decreases in body temperature and metabolic rate, allowing birds and mammals to cope with cold environments and/or limited food. Regulated suppression of mitochondrial metabolism probably contributes to energy savings: state 3 (phosphorylating) respiration is lower in liver mitochondria isolated from mammals(More)
The adenovirus major late transcription unit (MLTU) encodes multiple proteins from five regions, L1 to L5, through differential splicing and polyadenylation. MLTU expression is temporally regulated; only a single product from L1 (52/55K) is expressed prior to replication, but a subsequent switch, the mechanism of which has not been defined, leads to full(More)
During daily torpor in the dwarf Siberian hamster, Phodopus sungorus, metabolic rate is reduced by 65% compared with the basal rate, but the mechanisms involved are contentious. We examined liver mitochondrial respiration to determine the possible role of active regulated changes and passive thermal effects in the reduction of metabolic rate. When assayed(More)