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Glucoconjugated tri and tetra(meta-hydroxyphenyl)chlorins have been synthesized in order to explore how glucoconjugation of the macrocycle affects the photoactivity of the molecule. Internalization processes, photosensitizing efficacy of TPC(m-O-GluOH)(3) and TPC(m-O-GluOH)(4), in HT29 human adenocarcinoma cells have been compared to those of(More)
The OGG1 proteins are DNA N-glycosylases-apurinic-apyrimidinic lyases that are responsible for the removal of 8-oxo-7,8-dihydroguanine (8-oxoG) base in DNA. The human enzyme (hOGG1) is a monomer of 345 amino acids containing 10 buried tryptophan (Trp) residues that are very sensitive to UVB irradiation. The photolysis quantum yield of these Trp residues is(More)
The poor selectivity of photosensitizers for tumor tissue remains a drawback in photodynamic therapy (PDT) and could be improved by adapted formulations. The cellular uptake, localization and phototoxicity of meta-tetra(hydroxyphenyl)chlorin (mTHPC) encapsulated in submicronic colloidal carriers have been studied in macrophage-like J774 cells and HT 29(More)
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS Endoscopic identification of dysplasia and early carcinoma of the esophagus is difficult and is currently done through random pinch biopsies. This study assesses the potential of ultraviolet-induced autofluorescence spectroscopy for early diagnosis with special focus on Barrett's esophagus. PATIENTS AND METHODS Measurements were(More)
A series of neutral meso-arylglycosylporphyrins has been tested in order to evaluate their potency as antifungal agents against the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Photodynamic activity of these molecules results in intracellular damage as evidenced by the loss of clonogenicity and DNA fragmentation. The ability of these photosensitizers to permeate yeast(More)
The intracellular pH (pHi) of Candida albicans blastospores harvested from 8 h or 48 h cultures was determined under identical experimental conditions by two different techniques: 31P-NMR and laser microspectrofluorimetry. Time dependence of pHi was monitored by 31P-NMR on the whole cell population. Microspectrofluorimetry, after loading of the cells with(More)
PURPOSE To assess the ability of argon laser-induced autofluorescence spectroscopy (LIAFS) to discriminate normal from tumor human urothelial cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS Emission spectra of single living cells excited at 488 nm. have been studied with confocal microspectrofluorimeter. RESULTS Cellular autofluorescence appeared as a broad band with a(More)
An efficient five-step synthesis method was developed to obtain tritolylporphyrin and protoporphyrin IX polyamine conjugates. These compounds were composed of either one polyamine unit (spermidine or spermine) covalently tethered to monocarboxyphenyl tritolylporphyrin or two molecules of polyamines borne by protoporphyrin IX. In each compound, an aliphatic(More)
meta-Tetra(hydroxyphenyl)chlorin (mTHPC), a second generation photosensitizer used in photodynamic therapy (PDT), was incorporated into long circulating carriers with the aim of improving the tumor selectivity by limiting the reticuloendothelial system (RES) uptake. Biodistribution of mTHPC (0.06 mg kg(-1) was studied directly in nude mice bearing HT29(More)
Extraction of biotinylated peptides by streptavidin magnetic beads has been directly coupled to the MALDI-TOF mass analysis. The elution of peptides from the beads is achieved by first mixing the beads with the MALDI matrix solution and removing, after a few minutes, the beads with a magnet; then, the matrix solution containing the biotinylated peptide is(More)