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RATIONALE Tolerance to delay of gratification, taken to reflect impulsiveness, has been proposed to be under the preferential control of central serotonin (5-HT) processes. OBJECTIVE The present study further examined the effects of drugs which directly or indirectly alter 5-HT transmission, on behaviour controlled by a delayed positive reinforcer. (More)
This study investigated in rats the action of a variety of antidepressants in two behavioral models. In model 1, animals trained in a T-maze were allowed to choose between 2 magnitudes of reward: immediate but small reward (2 pellets) vs. a 25-sec delayed but large reward (10 pellets). Under this alternative, vehicle-injected rats selected the(More)
The present study describes the effects of intraseptal microinjections of 2 nmol of AP5 upon memory of rats subjected to a two trial object recognition task. This task allows us to detect either a disruption or an improvement of memory according to the duration of the interval between the sample trial (T1) and the choice trial (T2). AP5 injected before T1(More)
Nicotine was investigated for its mnemonic effect in a two trials object recognition task. In the first trial, two copies of the same object were presented. In the second trial (24 h after), one of the familiar object and a new object were presented. The time spent exploring the new object by control rats was not significantly different from the exploration(More)
Object recognition was investigated in rats in a two trial unrewarded task. In the first trial, two copies of the same object were presented. In the second trial, one of the familiar object and a new object were presented. Rats explored the new object longer than the familiar object when the intertrial time was 1 h, indicating that they remembered the(More)
The present study describes the effects of intraseptal microinjections of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) or AP5, an agonist and an antagonist of the NMDA receptors, respectively, upon memory of rats. Animals were injected with the drug or vehicle immediately after the first exposure to two identical objects, and the duration of exploration of the familiar and(More)
The effect of apamin on learning was examined using two behavioral tasks where the animals were subjected to two trials separated by a 24h interval. In the Y maze task, apamin administered before the acquisition session did not enhance performance on both the acquisition session and the restitution session. In the second behavioral task, animals were(More)
Performance in cognitive tasks which require the subject to wait and/or to process a large amount of information can be disrupted by an increase in impulsive-like behaviour. Accordingly, a decrease in impulsive-like behaviour can improve performance in such tasks. Conversely, impulsive-like behaviour may improve performance in cognitive tasks where simple(More)
The present study describes the effects of intraseptal infusions of 1 nmol AMPA and 12 nmol NBQX on both frequency and amplitude of physostigmine-induced theta rhythm in urethane-anesthetized rats. Infusion of AMPA increased the theta frequency. This effect was blocked by a prior infusion of NBQX. Infusion of NBQX decreased the theta amplitude, and this(More)
Benzodiazepine (Bzd) agonist, diazepam (Dzp) and inverse agonist methyl beta-carboline-3-carboxylate (beta-CCM); acetylcholinesterase inhibitor, physostigmine (Physo) and muscarinic antagonist, scopolamine (Scopo), were investigated for their mnesic effect in a passive avoidance (PA) task in rats. Impairments were observed after Dzp- and/or(More)