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The autoradiographic distribution of tachykinin NK(2) binding sites was determined in the adult rat brain using [(125)I]neurokinin A in the presence of either senktide (NK(3) agonist) and [Pro(9)]substance P (NK(1) agonist) or senktide and SR 140333 (NK(1) antagonist). Indeed, this radioligand labels two subtypes of NK(1) binding sites (which present a high(More)
Due to the existence of differences in the pharmacological properties of tachykinin NK-1 receptors in the rat and the guinea pig, the autoradiographic distribution of NK-1 binding sites was compared in the brain of the two species using the selective NK-1 ligand 3H-[Pro9]SP. If a good similarity in the distribution of NK-1 binding sites could be seen in(More)
The effects of various neuroleptics and of apomorphine on the metabolism of ACh were examined in the neostriatum of the rat. For this purpose, a specific radio-enzymatic assay for brain ACh was used. This method is based on the preliminary purification of the choline esters by liquid cation exchange, separation of choline and ACh on thin layer(More)
A comparative autoradiographic analysis of the distribution of tachykinin binding sites was made on brain serial sections using several ligands. (1) 3H-SP, 125I-BHSP and 3H-physalaemin labeled identical binding sites (NK1 type). (2) 3H-NKB, 125I-BHE and 3H-eledoisin also labeled identical sites (NK3 type). (3) 125I-BHNKA preferentially labeled NK3 binding(More)
Using a sensitive in vitro microperfusion method, the effects of selective and potent agonists of NK1, NK2, and NK3 tachykinin receptors ([Pro9]SP, ([Lys5,MeLeu9,Nle10]NKA-(4-10), and [Pro7]NKB, respectively) on the presynaptic control of dopamine release were investigated in striosomal-enriched (area rich in [3H]naloxone binding sites) and matrix-enriched(More)
Specific 125I-Bolton-Hunter substance P (125I-BHSP) binding sites are present on intact cortical astrocytes of the newborn mouse in primary culture. Therefore, these cells were used to ascertain the existence of functional substance P (SP) receptors coupled positively to phospholipase C. SP stimulated phosphoinositide breakdown with an EC50 value (4.5 x(More)
Attempts were made to label tachykinin NK2 binding sites in the adult rat brain using [125I]neurokinin A (NKA) as ligand in the presence of NK1 and NK3 agonist or antagonist to avoid labelling of NK1 and NK3 binding sites, respectively. A high-affinity, specifically NK2-sensitive, [125I]NKA-binding, temperature-dependent, reversible, sensitive to GTPgammaS(More)
A new ligand for investigating tachykinin-binding site subtypes was synthesized by coupling the 125I-Bolton and Hunter reagent to eledoisin (125I-BHE). Using a synaptosomal preparation (P2 fraction) of rat cerebral cortex, 125I-BHE was shown to bind with apparent high affinity (apparent Kd = 15.3 nM). When concentrations of up to 30 nM 125I-BHE were used,(More)